Section 3 : The General Banquet

This refers to the Divine banquet that every human being enjoys. Rather every created entity seeks advantage from its provisions. Every entity, both in its existence, as well as subsistence needs the All-Sufficient. Therefore, he always enjoys from the provisions of the All-Merciful.

The Holy Prophet (s) is reported to have said:

... ...

Surely the inhabitants of the earth are guests and whatever they have at their disposal are loans[23]

Similarly, Ima-m Ali- (a) says in one of his sermons:

- .

O servants of Alla-h, surely your beings and what you aspire from this world are guests (athwiya-)[24] for whom a time for departure has been specified[25]

Therefore the human beings, rather every dependent entity, is a guest of Alla-h (SwT). Appreciating this, al-Baya-ti- in his Adab al-Diya-fah says:

. . ...

Inviting a guest in religion is a trait among the traits of Alla-h, the Immaculate and Exalted, Who entertains His creatures in the world of existence in the broad sense of the word. He caters for His servants every day in His Dominion, and invites them to His pleasant sustenance[26]

This kind of invitation is in reality a manifestation of Alla-hs All-comprehensive Mercy (al-Rahmah al-Rahma-niyyah), about which the Holy Qura-n says:

but My mercy embraces all things[27]


[23] Biha- r al-Anwa-r, vol. 77, pg. 187.
[24] Athwiya- is the plural of thawi- which in the Arabic is a guest (Ibn Maytham al-Bahra-ni-, Ikhtiya-ru Misba-h al-Sa-liki-n, pg. 287.
[25] Nahj al-Bala-ghah, sermon 129.
[26] Adab al-Siya-fah, pg. 13.
[27] Holy Qura-n, 7:156.