Sura Mursalat (Those Sent Forth) No.77 (50 Verses)

In The Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

Contents of the Sura:

This Sura belongs to the early Meccan period and its name, Mursalat is taken from the first verse. After making some oaths, the text refers to the horrors of the Hereafter for those who reject the Truth.The refrain, Ah woe, that Day to the Rejecters of Truth is repeated ten times in the Sura and every time follows a new topic.

In addition to the oaths, the Sura gives some information about the fervent Hereafter and its grievous events, and then repeats the same refrain: Ah woe, that Day, to the Rejecters of Truth.

In the second stage, we learn about the woeful story of the sinners of past generations.

In the third stage, it lets us know a little about the creation's specialties.

In the fourth stage, we are informed of some divine Blessings on the Earth.

In the fifth stage, there are some messages in which the rejecters are warned of their painful penalty.

In every stage there is also a hint to an enlightening point and then the refrain follows. Sometimes, the blessings of just men are mentioned to show that both rewards and penalties are found, hut the former is used for justification and the latter is for warning.

The refrain, in this Sura, has an association with the refrain in sura Rahman, No. 55, but with the difference that: Sura Rahman speaks about the Blessings, but Sura Mursalat describes the rejecters' punishments.

The Virtue of Studying this Sura:

It is narrated from the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) that: One who studies Sura Mursalut will be registered as a non-pagan.(1)

Another narration from Imam Sadiq (p.b.u.h.) cites that: if one studies this Sura, Allah makes him familiar to Mohammad (p.b.u.h.) ". (2)

This reward is certainly for a person who studies it, thinks it over and acts accordingly. So, we see by a narration that some of the Prophet's close friends told him: "Oh Mohammad, how soon you have grown old!" He answered: "Hud, Vaqi'ah, Mursalat, and Nabaa brought old age upon me. (3)

It is worth considering that in all these Suras the circumstances of the Hereafter and the horrors of the Resurrection Day and Great Judgment are illustrated; and are the very things that affected the Prophet's (p.b.u.h.) holy soul.

Obviously, reading without thinking and acting cannot be very fruitful.

(1) Majma'-al-Bayan, vol. 10 p.414.

(2) Ibid

(3) Khisal-i-Saduq, Chapter 4 Tradition 10.