The Influence Of Quranic Verses
 

The influence of Qur?nic Verses in the hearts of Muslims was quick, deep, and great, so much so that its consequences could be seen soon after the revelation.

Two instances, narrated by the commentators and historians are mentioned below:

1- One of the prophet's companions, named ABUTALHA ANS?RI, had a beautiful and profitable palm-grove in Medina. When the above verse came down, he went to the prophet and said: ``The best thing I love in this life is that garden of mine, which I am going to give in charity now for the sake of Allah.''

The prophet said to him: ``Bravo! Bravo! this is a wealth that will profit you much.'' Then the prophet added: ``I am of opinion that you should spend it for the poor and needy persons of your own family and near kins.'' He did as the prophet ordered: He sold the garden, and divided its price among the poor and needy of his family.

2- We read in the history that ZOBAIDAH, the queen of HAROON - AL RASHID had a very magnificent and expensive manuscript of the Holy

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Qur?n. She had it adorned with expensive Jewels and a lot of gold, and it was the most loved thing by her. One day she opened to recite the book, and by chance, the above mentioned verse caught her sight. She read the verse and decided to give the precious Book in charity. She therefore called the royal jeweller, sold it, and by its price made a drinking water system for the Bedouin Arabs. It is said that the system still exists, and is on use, and it is called by her name.

(( 93 ))

93- ALL FOODS WAS LAWFUL TO THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL EXCEPT WHAT ISRAEL FORBADE FOR HIMSELF BEFORE THE BIBLE (THE LAW OF MOSES) WAS SENT DOWN. SAY BRING THE BIBLE AND RECITE IT, IF YOU ARE TRUTHFUL. (i. e. THESE MATTERS THAT YOU HAVE FORGED AND ASCRIBED TO THE PREVIOUS APOSTLES, ARE NOT FOUND EVEN IN YOUR PRESENT AND PERVERTED BIBLE)

(( 94 )) 94- THEN WHOEVER FORGES FALSEHOOD AGAINST ALLAH AFTER THAT, THEN THEY ARE THE OPPRESSORS. (TRANSGRESSORS)

(( 95 )) 95- SAY ALLAH HAS SAID THE TRUTH. THEREFORE FOLLOW THE CREED OF ABRAHAM. THE MAN OF PURE FAITH WHO WAS NOT OF THE POLYTHEISTS.

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THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVEALTION (VERSE NO. 93)


As for the cause of this verse and the next two verses; it is narrated that the Jews objected to our prophet that; why should he declare the camel's milk as lawful to drink while Abraham forbade it, and that, the sacred Mosque in Jerusalem was the QIBLAH of prayer chosen by all the previous Apostles, while Mohammad has turned faces towards KAABA in Mecca? The argument runs now on answering these objections:

JEWISH ACCUSATIONS LAID AGAINST THE PROPHET

The Jews denied the lawfulness of some foods such as the milk of camel, and Qur?n rejects their charges saying: ``At first all the foods were lawful for the children of Israel except a few of them that Israel forbade himself of serving, and that was before the law was sent down.'' According to the Islamic traditions, when Jacob ate meat or drank the milk of camel or some other particular food, they seemed not agreeble to his health. He therefore refrained from some food which found them not fit for his health. Then some of his followers followed him and abstained from eating or drinking those particular foods. Laters on a group of the Israelites were led to error and by the wrong impressions, they thought that such foods were made unlawful by the Mosaic Law! VERSE NO. 94

When they failed to show their claims out of the BIBLE, it was proved that they had forged some falsehood against Allah deliberately and knowingly, and therefore became real oppressors and sinners. VERSE NO. 95

Here the prophet is addressed that, those are the forgeries of the oppressors, and are not among the LAW and the commandments, and they are liars and God reveals the truth, and you follow the creed of ABRAHAM, the man of faith who was not of polytheists.

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(( 96 )) 96- THE FIRST HOUSE (TEMPLE) ESTABLISHED FOR THE PEOPLE WAS THAT AT BEKKA, (MECCA) BLESSED AND A GUIDANCE FOR NATIONS.

(( 97 )) 97- THEREIN ARE CLEAR SIGNS, AND THE STANDING PLACE (FOR PRAYER) OF ABRAHAM, AND WHOEVER ENTERED IT WAS SAFE. PILGRIMAGE THERE TO IS A DUTY OF MAN, FOR THOSE WHO CAN AFFORD. AS FOR THE UNBELIEVERS, ALLAH IS FREE OF WANT OF ALL THE WORLDS.

THE COMMENTARY
THE FIRST HOUSE OF PEOPLE (VERSE NO. 96)


The said second objection is cleared up through this verse and the next one, rejecting the superiority of the Sacred Mosque of Jerusalem (THE TEMPLE OF GHODS) over that of Mecca. (KAABEH)

According to some Islamic traditions; the foundation of KAABEH goes back to Adam and Eve, and is the first house of worship that was established for man. Adam, our first father built our first temple, but it was ruined by the FLOOD. After that, ABRAHAM, with the help of his son Ishmael, raised the foundations and rebuilt the house. It then remained as a centre to which all Arab tribes resorted for worship, and other purposes such as trade, and poetic contests. The centre was respected by all Arabs - friend and foe alike.

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Worthy of note that; in this verse KAABEH which is the house of God, has been called the house of people, which implies whatever is named or done for God is in fact for people and must serve man! In other word; whatever is in the service of man, is counted and recorded as for the cause of God.

Besides the advantage of being the first house of worship for people, the verse alludes to other two advantages for KAABEH, that it is blessed and also a guidance for all the people. The ARABIC word LAMINE? can be translated to: all the worlds - all kinds of being - all nations - and all creatures.
VERSE NO. 97

This verse states another two advantages of KAABEH that therein are clear signs such as the station of ABRAHAM. Even today there is a point within the enclosure, called MAGH?M IBRAHIM, where HAZRAT ABRAHIM was supposed to have stood in prayer. Another sign of God is the safety and security of the town and in particular that of the sacred territory. Mecca was respected and held sacred aby All Arabs - friend and foe alike. At certain months of the year, all fighting was and is forbidden in it, even games are not hunted and killed. Mecca was recognized by Arabs, as inviolable for the pursuit of revenge or violence, and now it is held pure and sacred more than before.

In the next sentence, Allah orders the pilgrimage there to which is obligatory and incumbent upon those who can afford it. This pilgrimage was established by ADAM, and made an official duty by ABRAHAM, to be preformed by worshippers of Allah, observing certain rules and rites. The verse also implies that this pilgrimage is not especialized for Muslims, like the other commandment. It is rather the duty of all mankind who can afford to perform it.

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The only term or condition for the pilgrim is the ability to afford - i.e. having enough physical power and provisions to perform the rites. As for the importance of the pilgrimage we should call to mind that our prophet said to HAZRAT IMAM ALI: ``O, Ali! He who can afford the pilgrimage and perform it not is an infidel, because Allah has made it incumbent upon those who can afford; and him who holds himself back has wronged his own self, and Allah is free of want. O, Ali He who delays his due pilgrimage till he dies God will raise him in the Resurrection day as a Jew or a Nazarine.''

(( 98 )) 98- SAY: O, PEOPLE OF THE BOOK, WHY DO YOU DISBELIEVE THE SIGNS OF ALLAH, WHILE ALLAH IS A WITNESS OF WHATEVER YOU DO?

(( 99 )) 99- SAY: O, PEOPLE OF THE BOOK, WHY DO YOU BAR THE BELIEVERS FROM THE WAY OF ALLAH, SEEKING TO MAKE IT CROOKED YOURSELVES BEING WITNESSES? AND ALLAH IS NOT HEEDLESS OF WHAT YOU DO.

(( 100 )) 100- O, YOU WHO HAVE BELIEVED IF YOU OBEY SOME SECT OF THOSE WHO WERE GIVEN THE SCRIPTURES, THEY RENDER YOU APOSTATES AFTER YOUR BELIEF.

(( 101 ))

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101- AND HOW WOULD YOU DISBELIEVE, AND ALLAH'S REVELATIONS ARE RECITED TO YOU, AND AMONG YOU IS HIS APOSTLE. AND WHOEVER HOLDS FAST TO ALLAH, HE IS INDEED GUIDED TO A STRAIGHT PATH.

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 98)


As to the cause of this and the following three verses, it is narrated that one of the Jews named SHAS-IBN-GHAIS who was a dark minded old devil, and much stubborn in his infidelity; passed by and saw a group of Muslims who held a meeting. They were of the two tribes of AWS and KHAZRAJ, known for their old and continuous enemity and hostilities; now sitting so friendly in a peaceful meeting with lovely discussion! If so the averse tribes go forward in friendship and peace, under the leadership of Mohammad thought the Jew; The Jewish accounts will soon be cleared, and the annihilation of our nation will be inevitable. The Jew then encouraged some interlocutor Jew, to attend that meeting and remind them of their bloody and dreadful battle of BOGHAS, in which many of the two parties tore and mutilated each other so that their old enmity might be renewed.

The plot was not without effect, and the old enemies and new religious brothers began to wrangle with each other, and a quarrel was going to begin, when the prophet was informed and reached them in time. He made a very effective speech for them that opened their eyes once again. The parties laid their arms down, and washed out their old hatered and renewed their brotherhood.

THE SOWERS OF DISCORD

Here God tells his Messenger to ask in an admonishing mode; `Why do the people of the Scriptures' disbelieve and pay no heed to the

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signs of God. Why should they do so much mischief and wrong in spite of knowing well that God sees and witnesses all that they do?

VERSE NO. 99

Also ask them why do they bar and obstruct the believers from the way of Allah, trying to make the straight path croocked, and dishonestly deviate it from rectitude? Why should they overbear the burden of others over that of their own, while it is more becoming to them to call and preach the other people in Allah and the Law. And this is because they were bound by their oaths and covenant, and had sworn solemnly in the presence of their own prophets.

By the ending they are threatened that: Allah is not unmindful or heedless of what they do! VERSE NO.100

Then a warning is given to Muslims that: ``If you listen to and obey a faction of the followers of the scripture, they may render you apostates, and make you to turn your backs, after you have been guided and converted.''
VERSE NO. 101

Through this verse, in a surprising manner, Muslims are asked that; How would and how could they recant and become disbelievers, in spite of their connection with God's inspiration and while the revelations of Allah are rehearsed and recited to them. And besides that the Messenger of Allah was among them too!? That is to say: If others go astray is not that much astonishing as a Muslim would be misled. At the end of the verse, Muslims are advised to adhere to Allah and stick fast to HIM and to HIS Mercy so that they might be guided to follow their prophet and their straight path.

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(( 102 )) 102- O, YOU WHO HAVE BELIEVED! BEWARE OF ALLAH AS HE DESERVES AND DO NOT DIE UNLESS YOU ARE MUSLIMS.

(( 103 ))

103- AND CLING TO THE ROPE OF ALLAH (QUR?N AND ISLAM) ALL OF YOU TOGETHER, AND DIVIDE NOT. AND CALL TO MIND THE FAVOUR OF ALLAH ON YOU, THAT YOU WERE ENEMIES AND HE UNITED YOUR HEARTS, SO THAT BY HIS GRACE YOU BECAME BROTHERS. AND YOU WERE ON THE BRINK OF THE PIT OF THE FIRE, THEN HE SAVED YOU FROM IT. AND THUS ALLAH MAKES HIS SIGNS CLEAR TO YOU THAT YOU MAY BE GUIDED.

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 102)


As to the cause of this and the next verse, it is narrated that: ``One day two men from the hostile tribes of Aws and KHAZRAJ, named SAALABEH and ASSAD-IBN-ZARAREH encountered, and began to boast and mention the honour and pride that their tribes had attained after Islam and their conversion''. One of them said: ``KHAZIMA whose witness counts for two testimony, and also HANZALEH who took ablution by angels, belongs to our clan.''

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The other said, four men of our tribe have done the greatest service to Islam and Muslims by teaching and preaching Qur?n. He named them as: ``ABI-IBN-KAAB, MOAZ-IBN-JABAL and ZAID-IBN-SAABIT and ABUZAID.''. Besides those, he added that; ``SAAD-IBN-EBAADEH the chief of Medina and greatest of orators was theirs.'' The boastings and disputes led to a quarrel, and the wrangle stretched its legs to their tribes, and once again the conflict and the dead enmity revived and the two tribes took arm against one another!

When the prophet was informed of that, he hastened towards the tribes, and by an effective speech and wise management put out the fire, made peace, and renewed their religious brotherhood. to this effect the above verse revealed, and by a general commandment enjoined Muslims to grasp and stick to the unbreakable rope of rescue and salvation that God has stretched down to us. Here all Muslims are invited to unite and divide not, through holding fast to Islam and Qur?n, which is called the rope of Allah.

CALL TO PIETY

The verse begins calling to piety and Godfearing, which is the preliminary step to unity and religious brotherhood. Calling to union and unity without a firm and strong moral basis will fail. Therefore through this verse the causes of dispute and division is weakened by the beam of faith and piety. The believers are addressed here saying: ``Beware and fear Allah as He deserves.'' The climax of Godfearing and piety is the fear of sinning, and avoiding any sort of wrong, deviation or transgression. The verse ends in calling the two hostile tribes of Aws and KHAZRAJ, as well as all the other Muslims and even all mankind to watch and be on guard for their end and final destiny: ``And do not die unless you die a true Muslim submitted by all means to the will and consent of Allah.''

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CALL TO UNION (VERSE NO. 103)

The argument then runs towards the final goal which is to unite and not to divide: ``And cling to the rope of Allah, all of you together and divide not.'' As to the meaning and purpose of the `ROPE OF ALLAH' different views of the commentators leads to a single meaning of that, which is any means or medium through which one may connect himself or communicate with God; whether it be Qur?n, Islam, the prophet or his near kins and household. Then the verse enjoins the Muslims to ponder over their past, and the fearful enmity which existed among them, and the dreadful battles they had for nothing, saying: ``And call to mind the favour of Allah on you, that you were enemies, and He united your hearts so that by God's Grace you became brothers.''

Here the union and joints of the hearts is ascribed to Allah because if we study the records and the history of the Pagan Arabs; we see that they easily were engaged in a bloody and cruel war for a mere trifle! And that it was not possible to unite those wild human beings in the usual ways and manners, for being so much ignorant, obstinate, and fearless. It is so much so that event the non - Muslim historians are amazed that how those pagans became united and turned to a single body of people through Mohammad's teaching and Islamic instructions. They were indeed at the brink of the pit of the Hell, when God through HIS revelation and Compassionate Messenger saved them and guided them to a firm straight path.

(( 104 ))
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104- AND FROM AMONG YOU THERE SHOULD BE A BAND OF PEOPLE CALLING TO GOODNESS AND ENJOIN RIGHTEOUSNESS, AND FORBID EVIL. THEY ARE THE ONES WHO ATTAIN SALVATION.

(( 105 )) 105- AND BE NOT LIKE THOSE WHO SCATTERED AND FELL INTO VARIANCE AFTER THE CLEAR SIGNS THAT CAME TO THEM. THOSE ARE FOR WHOM IS A GREAT PUNISHMENT.

THE COMMENTARY
CALLING TO RIGHT AND CONTENDING AGAINST WRONG
(VERSE NO. 104)


It is ordered through this verse that there should always be a group among Muslims who enjoin goodness and forbid evil. Then the verse concludes that success and prosperity can only be attained in that way. Our reverend prophet, by a parable, makes clear the importance of enjoyining righteousness and forbidding evil. He said: ``A wrong doer among the population is like a traveller among a group of other passengers who are all sailing on a ship. When their ship is sailing midway on the sea, the traveller takes an axe and scuttles the ship! If the other passengers do not forbid him digging holes on the deck, sooner or later the ship will sink and all the crews will drown.'' VERSE NO. 105

This verse refers once again to the important matter of unity and union, putting an stress on avoiding variances and schism, that could

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be expected to happen every now and then: ``And don't be like those who fell in variance and divided among themselves in parties and sects, after the clear signs that came to them. Those are the ones for whom awaits a painful great punishment.'' A community in which unity and relations and ties are attacked and weakened by means of variance and wrangles, their land will turn to an open space for race courses of strangers and colonizers, and what a great misery and affliction is that.

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106- ON THE DAY IN WHICH SOME FACES ARE WHITENED AND SOME FACES ARE BLACKENED. AS FOR THOSE WHOSE FACES ARE BLACKENED - DID YOU DISBELIEVE AFTER YOUR BELIEVING? THEN TASTE THE PUNISHMENT FOR WHAT YOU HAVE DISBELIEVED.

(( 107 )) 107- AND AS FOR THOSE WHOSE FACES ARE WHITENED, THEY SHALL BE IN ALLAH'S MERCY; ABIDING THEREIN FOR EVER.

THE COMMENTARY
DARK AND BRIGHT FACES (VERSE NO. 106)


The argument about division and variances which may lead in being apostate, now runs to the result of that which is a blackened and dark face. It says that Islam will whiten faces but blasphemy may blacken them! ``There is a day coming in which some faces are whitened and some faces are blackened.'' Black is the colour of darkness which is the

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symbol of infidelity to God - sin - rebellion and misery, and finally removal of the Grace and Mercy of Allah. VERSE NO. 107

Contrary to the above mentioned group of people there are some whose faces are bright white in the Dooms Day. White means to be illuminated with light which stands here for prosperity and being alighted by the Mercy of God.

(( 108 )) 108- THESE ARE THE SIGNS OF ALLAH. WE RECITE IT TO YOU WITH TRUTH. AND ALLAH WANTS NOT INJUSTICE TO ANY OF HIS CREATURES.

(( 109 )) 109- (AND HOW HE WISHS INJUSTICE WHILE) TO ALLAH BELONG ALL THAT IS IN THE HEAVENS AND IN THE EARTH. AND TO ALLAH IS REFERRED ALL THE MATTERS.

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 108


This refers to the previous instruction and commandments about faith and faithlessness - About enjoining good and forbidding evil, and their consequences. Then it concludes that these are all the signs of Allah recited to us with truth, and rejecting them will catch our own lap, because - every one is held in pledge of his own deeds: ``And Allah wants not injustice for any of His creatures.''

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VERSE NO. 109

Reasons are given here that God is far from being unjust, because to Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and in the earth, then why should he wish bad, and unjustice for his own creatures, who owns them all? (( 110 ))

110- YOU ARE THE BEST OF NATIONS, BROUGHT FORTH FOR PEOPLE. YOU ENJOIN GOOD AND FORBID EVIL, AND YOU BELIEVE IN ALLAH. HAD THE PEOPLE OF THE BOOK BELIEVED, IT WOULD HAVE BEEN BETTER FOR THEM. SOME OF THEM ARE BELIEVERS, BUT MOST OF THEM ARE EVIL-DOERS.

THE COMMENTARY
CAMPAIGNING AGAINST CORRUPTION AND CALLING TO RIGHTEOUSNESS (VERSE NO. 110)


Once again it is refered to enjoining good, forbidding bad, and believing in Allah: ``You were the best of the nations brought for people, bidding good, and forbidding bad and evil.''

Worthy of note here is that, the superiority of A Muslim upon the other people is for enjoining righteousness and forbidding evil; and also for having faith in God. This is to say without belief in God; amendment of the society and improvement of the population is not possible. Besides that, enjoining good and forbidding evil is a warranty for the execution of the Law.

The argument then runs on the Islam, which is a non-racial, universal, and having the best and the most natural law, rule and regulation. It means merely submission to the will of God: ``Had the

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people of the book believed in such a divine, and natural religion, that Islam is, It would have been far better for themselves.'' Of course all of them are not alike - some of them are believers, but most of then are evil doers, and that can never harm those who carry the banner of faith and right.

(( 111 )) 111- THEY WILL NOT HARM YOU (SERIOUSLY) EXCEPT A LITTLE HURT. AND IF THEY FIGHT WITH YOU, THEY SHALL TURN THEIR BACKS ON YOU, (AND RUN AWAY) THEN THEY WILL NOT BE HELPED.

(( 112 ))

112- ABESEMENT SHALL BE PITCHED ON THEM WHEREVER THEY ARE FOUND, EXCEPT THEY BE IN A BOND OF ALLAH AND A BOND OF THE PEOPLE. THEY HAVE INCURRED THE WRATH OF ALLAH, AND DESTITUTION IS PITCHED ON THEM. THAT IS BECAUSE THEY DISBELIEVED IN THE SIGNS OF ALLAH, AND SLEW THE PROPHETS WITHOUT ANY RIGHT, THIS WAS DUE TO THEIR REBELLION AND WERE TRANSGRESSOR.

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 111)


When some of the illuminated chief Israelites, such as

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ABDULLAH-IBN-SAL?M and his companions renounced their Jewish religion in favour of Islam, the Jews blamed and reproached them for their recantation. They were even threatened to death for renouncing their forefather's religion. Then this verse revealed as a consolatory for them, as well as the other Muslims.

COMMENTS

This verse and the next one consist of some predictions and glad-tidings, all of which came true and proved correct during the life time of the prophet:

1- The people of the Book cannot harm you Muslims severely, except for some little troubles of no importance.
2- If they encounter in fight with you, they will turn their backs to you and run away, and final victory is yours and then no one will help them.

VERSE NO. 112

They will never stand on their own foot and are always in abjection and misery; unless they change mind and amend themselves. It took no long that all the prophecies proved to be correct in the lifetime of the prophet. the verse concludes that there are two ways for them to clear their abjection and misfortune: First to be in a bond of Allah, which is believing in Him and grasping His truthful religion of submission. (ISLAM)

The second way for them to live unharmed is, to be in a bond of people. In other word; only the pity from God or from man may give them some protection.

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113- YET THEY ARE NOT ALL ALIKE. THERE ARE AMONG THE PEOPLE OF THE BOOK AN UPRIGHT PARTY, WHO ALL THE NIGHT LONG RECITE THE REVELATIONS OF ALLAH AND THEY PROSTRATE THEMSELVES. (AS A SIGN OF SUBMISSION)

(( 114 ))

114- BELIEVING IN ALLAH AND IN THE LAST DAY. THEY ENJOIN GOOD AND FORBID EVIL, AND VIE WITH EACH OTHER IN GOOD WORKS; AND THOSE ARE OF THE RIGHTEOUS. (( 115 )) 115- AND WHATEVER OF GOOD THEY DO IT WILL NOT BE DENIED. (ITS REWARD SHALL BE GIVEN TO THEM) AND ALLAH KNOWS THOSE WHO AVOID EVIL.

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 113)


Again the argument in this verse and the next two verses, run over the conversion of ABDULLAH-IBN-SAL?M an important Israelite and his companions. His renouncement in favour of Islam kicked up a lot of fuss and nervous excitements among the Jews. They spread among people; that had they been fair and honest people, they would have not renounced their forefather's religion, betraying his own people, in order to join that of the illiterate Arabs.

ISLaM'S SPIRIT OF TRUTH-SEEKING

Islam respects sincere faith and true righteousness in whatever form it may appear. Here for observance of justice and equity; and

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respecting the rigths of worthy men, and also announcing this fact that all the people cannot be looked upon with only one and the same eye, it says:

``All the people of the Book are not alike. Some of them are indeed upright and morally corrected and honest, and all the night long they recite the revelation of their Lord.'' VERSE NO. 114

They believe in God and the Last Day of judgement, and fulfill their duties of enjoining good and forbidding evil. Another of their virtue is that they vie and contend with other people in good works, and are of the righteous. VERSE NO. 115

This verse is the complementary to the two foregoing verses showing the good end of them: ``And what ever of good they do, it will not be denied, and they shall have the due reward for it, because Allah knows well the good and pious ones who guard themselves against evil.'' (( 116 ))

116- AS FOR THOSE WHO DISBELIEVED, NEITHER THEIR RICHES, NOR THEIR CHILDREN WILL AVAIL THEM AUGHT AGAINST ALLAH. AND THEY ARE THE COMPANIONS OF THE FIRE. THEREIN THEY SHALL BE FOR EVER. (( 117 ))

IT DESTROYES THAT. (CORNFIELD) AND ALLAH DID NOT OPPRESS THEM, BUT THEY THEMSELVES OPPRESSED.

THE COMMENTARY

VERSE NO. 116

The opposite party of the above mentioned fair and honest people, are some faithless oppressors that are described in this verse and the next one. ``As for the unbelievers neither their wealth nor their children will avail them aught against Allah.'' Their false spending for false purposes, will avail them nothing because the very essence of charity is faith and love. If the wealth is spent for sheer ostentation, or hunting people by the snare of the giver's power by a pretence of charity, how can one expect a good result and productive farmland by that?

Qur?n clearly announces that social power and financial advantages, alone, bring no points in the sight of God, and relying on them is a mere mistake; unless they are used in a correct way. VERSE NO. 117

This verse implies the false spendings that are done for false purposes and from base motives which are connected with the mortal life in this material world. When they are sure of getting a valuable harvest or fruitful farmland, there comes to destroy it a nipping whirlwind which is some sort of calamity and disaster! In their despair they may blame God for that misfortune; but the harm and injustice that he sees and feels, had not come from God, but from their own soul and self: ``And Allah did not oppress them, but they themselves oppressed.''

(( 118 ))

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118- O, YOU WHO HAVE BELIEVED! DO NOT TAKE FOR INTIMATE FRIEND OTHER THAN YOURSELVES. (BEFRIEND WITH THE BELIEVERS) THEY DON'T FALL SHORT IN CORRUPTING YOU. THEY DESIRE TO HAVE YOU IN TROUBLE. HATRED HAS ALREADY SHOWN ITSELF OF THEIR MOUTHS. AND WHAT THEIR CHESTS CONCEAL IS GREATER. NOW WE HAVE MADE CLEAR TO YOU THE SIGNS, IF YOU USE YOUR WISDOM.

(( 119 ))

119- AYE! YOU ARE THE ONES WHO LOVE THEM, AND THEY LOVE YOU NOT. AND YOU BELIEVE IN THE BOOK - ALL OF IT. AND WHEN THEY MEET YOU THEY SAY: - WE HAVE BELIEVED. BUT WHEN THEY ARE ALONE, THEY BITE AT YOU THEIR FINGERS, ENRAGED! SAY: `DIE IN YOUR RAGE, THAT ALLAH KNOWS ALL THE SECRETS OF THE CHESTS.

(( 120 ))

120- IF SOMETHING GOOD BEFALLS YOU IT GRIEVES THEM, BUT IF SOMETHING BAD BEFALLS YOU THEY REJOICE AT IT. YET IF YOU BE PATIENT, AND AVOID EVIL, THEIR GUILE WILL HURT YOU NOTHING, THAT ALLAH ENCOMPASSES WHATEVER THEY DO.

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION


IBN-ABBASS has said that these three verses, (118 / 119 / 120)

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revealed when some of the Muslims had taken some Jews for intimate friends, for being neighbours, relatives or through fostering. The Jews who were sworn enemies of Islam, pretend to love their Muslim friends, but their aim was only to collect information by means of them, and get access to Muslim's military secrets and strategies. These verses revealed to warn Muslims of trusting their real enemies as confidants, and rely not upon such friendships.