Traitor and Trusty
 

A group of the Israelites were of opinion that they were not responsible for other's trust and deposite! Their logic was that they were the followers of the scriptures, and have had the prophets among them. and so were they not bound to be faithful to the Gentiles, pagans, and heathens! There were also groups of good and honest men among them who would observe and reserve all rights of other people, whether in their race and religion, or out of it.

Qur?n does not condemn all of them, for the wrong that some of them have done; but meanwhile it shows that those who hold the right for themselves to usurp the properties of other people by forcible seizure, without any right; they do not understand any language other than that of power and force, so one has to answer such people accordingly and with that language.

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VERSE NO. 76

This verse rejects the idea of those Israelites who said the properties of the Gentiles, pagans, and heathens, is not unlawful for the people of the Book! But the verse affirms that the criterion for personality and the measure of humanity is to observe covenant and to fulfil promises and to be virtuous and God fearing. Elsewhere in the Qur?n is said: ``The most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is the most virtuous (CHASTE) of you.'' Therefore the verse here says:

``He who fulfills his covenant, and avoid evil, then Allah loves the God fearings.''

(( 77 ))

77- AS FOR THOSE WHO SELL ALLAH'S COVENANT, AND THEIR OWN OATH, FOR A LITTLE PRICE; THERE SHALL BE NO SHARE FOR THEM IN THE WORLD TO COME. AND ALLAH WILL NOT SPEAK TO THEM, NOR WILL HE LOOK UPON THEM IN THE RESSURECTION DAY; NEITHER WILL HE PURIFY THEM, AND FOR THEM IS A PAINFUL PUNISHMENT.

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 77)


A group of the learned Jews, who found their social and personal interests endangered by Mohammad's doctorine; decided to rewrite the scripture which was written by their own hands, thereby changing the signs and symptoms of the promised prophet so that it would not conform to those of the Messenger of God (AS). They had agreed to

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swear then, that those were the words of God, and not of themselves. The verse (NO. 77) was sent down to this effect, in order to disclose their secret Satanic plans.

VERSE NO. 77

This verse implies some other offences and wrongs of the Jews, that not only they would sell the covenant of God for a little price, but are also untrue to themselves by falsifying and changing God's word for a trifle! This verse is sent down in a general sense and common addressing, although it aims in particular to the said Jewish group. There are five painful punishments decreed for their offence in this class: 1) That they will have no portion and share in the life to come. 2) That God will not speak to them. It is evident that God does not speak with a tongue, as we do; because He is clear and clean from matter and material. But He is able to create wave vibrations in the air, as He did for Moses, or may inspire in the heart and mind of man whatever he wants to say. 3) God will not look upon them in Dooms Day. Here too, we should call to mind that His look is not with the aid of eyes and physically. 4) That God will not purify and cleanse them of their sins. 5) An finally there is the painful punishment of God awaiting them.

The importance of their sin of concealing the truth, in the sight of God, is evident and clearly shown by the physical and spiritual punishment that are decreed here for them. What does the sinner get at best for selling his soul and salvation? He who approaches to Allah, will obtain spiritual virtues and advantages, such that God may look at him or speak to him in Mercy,

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(( 78 ))

78- AND THERE IS A SECT OF THEM WHO TWIST THEIR TONGUES WHEN RECITING THE BOOK, THAT YOU MAY SUPPOSE IT (A PART) FROM THE BOOK; BUT IT IS NOT FROM THE BOOK. AND THEY SAY IT IS FROM ALLAH, AND IT IS NOT FROM ALLAH. AND THEY TELL LIE AGAINST ALLAH AND THEY KNOW.

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 78)


This verse too, was sent down about a sect of the Jews. It refers to some learned who forged attributes and qualification for the Messenger of God(AS), which was contrary to that in their Scriptures. They forged and wrote it by their own hands and ascribed it to God! Then when they recited their own writing, they twisted their tongues and distorted their pronounciation to pretend that they were Allah's word from the Bible: ``And there is a sect of them who twist their tongue when reciting the Book, that you may suppose it a part from the Scripture, while they know that it is not from the Book.'' They were not content even with such a heinous sin, and explicitly ascribed their forgeries to God and said: ``This is from Allah, while it was not from Allah!''

The ending of the verse affirms that it was not a mistake on their side, and they did that deliberately: ``And they tell lies against Allah and they know!

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(( 79 )) 79- IT WAS NOT (BECOMING) TO A MAN THAT ALLAH SHOULD GIVE HIM BOOK, JUDGEMENT, AND PROPHETHOOD THEN HE SAYS TO PEOPLE BE YOU WORSHIPPERS TO ME INSTEAD OF ALLAH! HE WOULD RATHER SAY: BE YOU GODLY, FOR THAT YOU WERE LEARNING THE BOOK, AND FOR THAT YOU WERE STUDYING.

(( 80 )) 80- NOR WOULD HE ORDER YOU TO TAKE THE ANGELS AND PROPHETS AS LORDS. WOULD HE ORDER YOU TO DISBELIEVE AFTER YOU HAVE SUBMITTED?

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 79 AND 80)


As for the cause of these two verses, it is narrated that some of the Muslims said to the Messenger of God (AS) that we salute and greet you as we salute an ordinary man! Then give us leave to bow or to prostrate before you for salutations, to exhibit a mark of deference to your superiority.

The prophet said: ``It is unlawful to prostrate to any one other than Allah. It is enough to salute your prophet as you greet others, but recognize his rights, and follow him.''

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COMMENTS

The verses reject and amend the dogma of making a deity and Lord of man, as the Christians have done; saying that Jesus was the son of God or the God Himself. As a matter of fact, Jesus was no more than a man chosen by God as a prophet, and strengthened by the Holy Spirit (GABRIEL), the arch angel, who brought the revelation to him. It is neither natural nor reasonable that God's Messenger should preach against God; saying worship me and not Him. Jesus was sent to preach the true God, and the true Mosaic Law and hence the verse:

``It is not possible that a man to whom is given the Book, (BIBLE and GOSPEL) and wisdom, and prophethood, to say to the people; worship me instead of God; on contrary he would say to them be you Godly, and viruous for having been taught the book and studying the Scriptures.'' The prophets also never called the people to worship the angels or any other being, except God the Cherisher and Lord of the universe. It also rejects the faith of the Pagan Arabs who claimed to be the followers of ABRAHAM, but believed the angels to be the daughters of God! Just like the Jews who called Ezra as the son of God, or that sect of Christianity who consider Jesus Christ as the son of God.

The verse ends in saying: ``How could it be possible for a prophet of God, to call people to believe in God and in the Day of Judgement, Then he changes his mind and say to them: `Be you worshipper of me!'?'' The verse also implies that the prophets are innocent and free of guilt.

(( 81 ))

81- AND (REMEMBER) WHEN ALLAH TOOK THE COVENANT FOR

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THE PROPHETS (FROM THEIR FOLLOWERS) WHEN I GIVE YOU BOOK AND WISDOM, THEN THERE CAME TO YOU A MESSENGER CONFIRMING THAT WHICH IS WITH YOU, BELIEVE IN HIM AND HELP HIM. (THEN ALLAH ASKED THEM) DO YOU ACKNOWLEDGE? AND DO YOU TAKE THIS COVENANT OF MINE AS A BINDING ON YOU? THEY SAID WE DO AFFRIM. HE SAID: THEN BEAR WITNESS, AND I (TOO) AM OF THE BEARERS OF WITNESS WITH YOU.

(( 82 )) 82- THEN WHOVEVER TURNS BACK AFTER THAT, THEY ARE WRONGDOERS. (DISOBEDIENTS TO THEIR LORD)

THE COMMENTARY
THE SACRED COVENANT


The previous verses implied that Mohammad was foretold in the BIBLE and GOSPEL. Here the argument is taken to a general principle that God took a covenant from the prophets as well as their followers that when knowledge and Book was given you, and then there came to you a prophet who confirmed that which was with you, believe in him and help him. Then the matter is emphasized by taking confession: ``Then Allah asked them; Do you acknowledge my covenant and keep it as a binding on you?'' and they affirmed it.
VERSE NO. 82

Through this verse, those who break their promise are sternly threatened, that they are the obstinate wrong doers whom God will not

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guide them, and those who lose the guidance of Allah, their destination shall be no where but the Fire in Hell.

(( 83 )) 83- DO THEY THEN SEEK A RELIGION OTHER THAN THAT OF ALLAH, AND TO HIM HAS SURRENDERED WHOEVER IS IN THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH, WILLINGLY OR UNWILLINGLY, AND TO HIM THEY RETURN.

(( 84 )) 84- SAY: WE BELIEVE IN ALLAH, AND IN THAT WHICH HAS BEEN SENT TO US, AND WHAT WAS SENT TO ABRAHAM AND ISHMAEL, AND ISAAC, AND JACOB, AND THE TRIBES; AND TO WHAT WAS SENT TO MOSES AND JESUS, AND THE APOSTLES FROM THEIR LORD. WE DO NOT MAKE DISTINCTION BETWEEN ANY OF THEM, AND TO HIM WE SUBMIT.

(( 85 )) HE THAT CHOOSES A RELIGION OTHER THAN ISLAM, (SUBMITTING TO THE WILL OF ALLAH) IT WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED FROM HIM, AND IN THE WORLD TO COME HE SHALL BE AMONG THE LOSERS.

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THE COMMENTARY
THE HIGHEST OF THE DIVINE RELIGIONS (VERSE NO. 83)


Here the argument begins about Islam, and calls for the attention of the people of the BOOK, as well as all the others. In a general sense of meaning, it declares that whoever and whatever exists in the heaven and the earth is Muslim! Willingly, and, or, unwillingly! This is because Islam in its essence is knowing the Will and Plan of God, and Submission to the Will and Plan: ``Do they seek a religion other than that of Allah, and to Him surrendered whoever is in the heavens and the earth willingly or unwillingly, and to Him they return.'' Therefore, Islam which is the religion of nature and genesis, is to follow our nature and conform our will to God's will. VERSE NO. 84

Through this verse Allah order His prophet Mohammad (AS), and all those who follow him (MUSLIMS) to believe in that which is sent down to them, and also to believe in that which is sent to all the other prophets such as: ABRAHAM - ISHMAEL - ISAAC - JACOB - THE TRIBES - MOSES AND JESUS; and to make no distinction between any of them. This is because Islam is the religion preached by all the earlier prophets, and the truth that was revealed and taught by all the Divine Books.
VERSE NO. 85

Therefore if any one chooses a religion others than Islam, he is false to his own nature as well as to the Will and Plan of his Creator: ``He that chooses a religion other than Islam, (which is submission to the will of God) it will not be accepted from him, and in the world to come he will be among the losers''. How can such a one, take benefit from the guidance of his Merciful Lord, when he has it rejected deliberately?!

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(( 84 ))

84- HOW MAY ALLAH GUIDE A PEOPLE WHO HAVE DISBELIEVED AFTER THEY BELIEVED, AND BORE WITNESS THAT THE MESSENGER IS TRUE. AND THERE CAME TO THEM EVIDENCES. ALLAH WILL NOT GUIDE THE OPPRESSING PEOPLE.

(( 87 )) 87- THOSE ARE THEY WHOSE REWARD SHALL BE THE CURSE OF ALLAH, THE ANGELS, AND PEOPLE, ALTOGETHER.

(( 88 )) 88- ABIDING IN IT, THEIR ANGUISH SHALL NOT BE LIGHTENED, NOR SHALL THEY BE REPRIEVED.

(( 89 )) 89- EXCEPT THOSE WHO REPENTED AFTER THAT AND AMENDED, FOR ALLAH IS FORGIVING, MERCIFUL.

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 86)


One of the helpers (MEDINA MUSLIMS) slew a guiltless man without any right, and for fear of retaliation he renounced Islam and escaped to Mecca as an apostate. He then seriously repented and through one of his family in Medina asked the prophet, if there was any door of return opened for him? This verse revealed declaring the acceptance of his repentance on conditions.

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COMMENTS

According to the preceding verse, Islam is the only religion accepted by God. Therefore, a Muslim who renounces his religion and becomes an apostate, cannot easily be forgiven and obtain salvation: ``How may Allah guide a people who have disbelieved after they believed and bore witness that the Messenger is truthful, and there came to them clear signs from Allah. Such a people are indeed oppressors and Allah will not guide the oppressing people.'' Why will not Allah guide them? the answer is evident and obvious: ``They recognized the prophet - they knew him through many clear signs and miracles - they testified his prophethood - they made a covenant with him.'' And now in their apostasy they break their covenant and all promises! They deny the voice of their heart and conscience and have recanted and joined the enemies! How can such a one be forgiven and then guided to salvation?

VERSE NO. 87

The punishment that such a one deserves is the curse of Allah - the curse of the angels and the curse of the people; who were their brothers, friends and mates, whom they betrayed - the curse of all together. VERSE NO. 88

And they shall abide in that curse; in that spiritual and physical anguish and punishment for ever. Their anguish will not lighten, nor shall they be reprieved! VERSE NO. 89

Unless they repent whole heartedly, and return to Allah sincerely, and once again ask earnestly for God's Mercy and Forgiveness; and amend their deeds and change their mind. And of

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course the Lord our Merciful Creator, is Often Forgiving and Compassionate to His creatures.

(( 90 )) 90- THOSE WHO DISBELIEVED AFTER THEIR BELIEF AND GREW IN THEIR UNBELIEF (INSISTED UPON THEIR WRONGS) THEIR REPENTANCE (THAT IS DUE TO THEIR HELPLESSNESS AND THE FEAR OF DEATH) WILL NEVER BE ACCEPTED. THEY ARE THOSE WHO GO ASTRAY.

(( 91 )) 91- THOSE WHO DISBELIEVED AND DIED UNBELIEVERS, THERE SHALL NOT BE ACCEPTED FROM ANY OF THEM THE WHOLE EARTH FULL OF GOLD, FOR HIM TO RANSOM THEREBY. FOR THEM AWAITS A PAINFUL PUNISHMENT, AND THERE IS NOT ANY HELPERS FOR THEM.

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 90)


Some commentators understand this to refer to the people of the Book who believed in Mohammad before his advent, but denied him in his mission.

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USELESS REPENTANCE

The foregoing verse pointed to those who repent sincerely, their repentance being accepted, but here the argument runs over those whose repentance have failed:

``Those who renounce their belief and increase their blasphemy, and insist upon doing wrong, their repentance which arises from their helplessness, or the fear of death, will not be accepted. Such repentance are mere pretence, and are of no use.'' VERSE NO. 91

Following useless repentance, now we come to know the useless ransom: ``Those who disbelieved and died unbeliever, giving as much gold as the whole earth can contain, for ransom, it will not suffice to save them and they have to suffer the painful punishment that they deserve it.'' It is obviouse that blasphemy will nullify and negate all our deeds.

PART 4 OF THE HOLY QURAN

(( 92 )) 92- YOU WILL NOT ATTAIN BENEFICENCE, UNLESS YOU GIVE IN ALMS OF WHAT YOU LOVE, AND WHATEVER YOU GIVE IN ALMS ALLAH KNOWS IT.

VERSE NO. 92 Here is a sign and a test for One's faith and sincerity in belief - giving in charity of that which we really love it and value it greatly. Our life, our personal efforts, our wealth and properties, our

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knowledge and our Self are among the things that are loved more or less. The Arabic ``BEAR'' which is translated here to ``BENEFICENCE'' is a comprehensive word with a variety of shades of meaning such as - benevolence, kindness, all sorts of goodness, so much so that in another verse of Qur?n (Q 2:12) it implies the belief in God and in Dooms Day and also it means the prayer and the Fasting.

Therefore to reach the position of the Good-Doers, needs to satisfy different conditions, among which giving in alms of what we really love it, and however small the amount of our charity, it will be within the knowledge of God, and it is recorded and registered in His book.