The True Love
 

The verse clears what a true love for God may mean: ``If you really do love Allah, follow His Messenger and in return Allah will love you; and forgive

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you your sins.'' This implies that love is not a weak interest in the hearts of man, without any actual effect. Love should be reflected in human's deeds and actions. In a general sense of meaning, this is an answer and a lesson for those who claim to have the love of God, and His apostles and saints. In every time and in everywhere they should have some similarity in acts and deeds, and behaviours with those men of God. VERSE NO. 32

The argument continues here, that if you are truthful in your claim of loving God, then you have to prove it practically, by following the Messenger of God and obeying God's commandments; and if you don't; you don't love, and neither God loves the infidels.
(( 33 )) 33- ALLAH CHOSE ADAM, AND NOAH, AND THE FAMILY OF ABRAHAM, AND THE FAMILY OF IMRAN ABOVE ALL THE WORLDS.

(( 34 )) 34- THEY WERE THE OFFSPRING OF ONE ANOTHER, AND ALLAH IS THE HEARER THE KNOWER.

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 33


This is a prelude to the story of Mary the Virgin, stating the position of some of her ancestors who were good examples of those who really loved God, and obeyed His commandments, and observed His covenants: ``Allah chose Adam, Noah, the family of Abraham and the family of Imran, among whom were Moses, Jesus, and Mohammad.''

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God's choice could have been either genetically or canonically. It could be possible that God excelled them in creation and genesis, or in spite of their Free will, He developed and promoted them by His Grace and Guidance; and that they obtained their work and position by their strive and endeavour in the service of their Lord. VERSE NO. 34

Then it is added here that: ``They were the offspring of one another.'' This may imply that all men of God, spiritually form one family and one household. They all were the elects of God for their love or Godloving, obedience, discipline, faith, and good deeds. Besides ADAM, the verses alludes to the five Arch prophets of God, i.e. Noah - Abraham, Moses, jesus, and Mohammad who are the offsprings of Abraham and Imran.

(( 35 ))

35- WHEN THE WIFE OF IMR?N SAID: `MY LORD! I HAVE VOWED TO YOU, IN DEDICATION, WHAT IS WITHIN MY WOMB; SO ACCEPT THIS OF ME, THAT YOU ARE THE HEARER THE KNOWER.

(( 36 ))

36- AND WHEN SHE WAS DELIVERED OF THE CHILD, SHE SAID: `MY LORD!' I AM DELIVERED OF A FEMALE CHILD; (AND ALLAH KNEW WELL WHAT SHE DELIVERED), AND MALE IS NOT LIKE FEMALE. AND I HAVE NAMED HER MARY, AND COMMEND HER TO YOU WITH HER OFFSPRING, TO PROTECT THEM FROM THE ACCURSED SATAN.

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THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 35


The word is now about Imran and his daughter Mary - her birth and some other incidents of her life. According to some Islamic traditions' God had inspired Imran that he would have a son who would become a prophet. He gave the good news of that to his wife whose name was HANNA (ANNE in English and ANNA in Latin). When she became pregnant she expected a male child who would eventually become a prophet. She therefore vowed to dedicate him to the service of the temple: ``My Lord! I have vowed to you, in dedication, what is in my womb, So accept this of me.'' VERSE NO. 36

But when she gave birth to the child and found her a female she was sorry and said: ``My Lord! I am delivered of a female child and male is not like female!'' This was because according to Mosaic Law a female child could not be devoted to Temple Services. Besides that; a Lady cannot keep herself clean to be in the service of the Temple, always, because of her menstruation problem. A woman also is not like a man in power and strength of their bodies. After all there is the problem of pregnancy and giving birth with the female sex. So ANNE was content to seek God's protection for her against Satan.

She then said to her Lord: ``I named her Maryam.'' The Arabic `MARYAM' translated MARY, literally means a worshipper woman or a Temple's maid servant; and such a naming proves how eager the mother of Mary was to dedicate her child in the service of God and His sacred Temple.

(( 37 )) 37- HER LORD ACCEPTED HER WITH A GOOD ACCEPTANCE,

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THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 37


The argument is continued here that God answered Anna's prayer, and Mary grew under God's special protection: ``Her Lord accepted her with a good acceptance, and grew her with a goodly growth.'' There is a fine note in this phrase that God's work is growing - As a seed contains some abilites and natural potentials, there is also in man's seed and soul various capacities, that exist in possibility and not in actuality, which the Gardener of the Universe grows them and cherishes them until they develope enough to bear fruit. As Mary was brought up in the Temple, she moved to higher and higher steps of progress and dignity:

``Whenvere Zacharias visited her in the sanctuary, he found her supplied with sustenance!'' According to Islamic tradition the sustenance was out of seasonal fruits; that were brought to her by the angels from the PARADISE!

(( 38 )) 38- THERE DID ZACHARIAS PRAY TO HIS LORD, SAYING: ``MY LORD! GRANT ME FROM YOURSELF AN OFFSPRING PURIFIED; THAT YOU HEAR PRAYER.

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(( 39 ))

39- AND THE ANGELS CALLED UNTO HIM WHEN STANDING IN PRAYER IN THE SANCTUARY: ``ALLAH GIVES YOU THE GLAD-TIDING OF JOHN (YAHYA) WHO SHALL CONFIRM A WORD OF GOD. HE SHALL BE PRINCELY AND CHASTE, AND AN APOSTLE OF THE RIGHTEOUS.

(( 40 )) 40- HE SAID: MY LORD! HOW SHALL I HAVE A SON, AND OLD AGE HAS ALREADY COME UPON ME, AND MY WIFE IS BARREN. HE SAID: `EVEN SO, ALLAH WILL ACCOMPLISH WHAT HE WILLS.

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 38


Now the discourse is upon Zacharias, and his son John the Baptist. John's mother named Eizabeth was the sister to Mary's mother and both of them were barren. Though old age grasped them, and they had abandoned to despair of having a child; when Zacharias saw the out of season fruits and out of reason sustence with Mary, he was excited and in a very fervent prayer begged God to grant him a son. VERSE NO. 39

When Zacharias was standing in prayer in sanctuary, the angels gave him the good news of having a son who would confirm a word from Allah.

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As to the meaning of: `A WORD FROM ALLAH' that John would confirm, we understand it to be, `Jesus Christ' who was created by a miracle - by God's word. VERSE NO. 40

When Zacharias got the good news of having a son who would be chaste and purified, princely in behaviour and of the righteous folk, he could not contain his skin of happiness, and yet he was amazed that how could this strange phenomenon happen?! It was not an ordinary or natural son; that he and his wife were now very old and past the age of parenthood, His wife was barren, even when a young woman; So like ABRAHAM who asked God to show him how He raise the dead; Zacharias too, said: ``My Lord! How can I have a son, and old age has already come upon me and my wife is barren.''

The answer was no more than: ``Allah can easily accomplish whatever He wants.''

(( 41 ))

41- HE SAID: `MY LORD! APPOINT ME A SIGN. HE SAID: YOUR SIGN IS THAT YOU SHALL NOT SPEAK TO PEOPLE FOR THREE DAYS EXCEPT BY SIGNALS. AND MENTION YOUR LORD MUCH. AND GLORIFY HIM AT EVENING AND DAWN.

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 41


ZACHARIAS asked God for a sign of that miracle, as Abraham did for a sign of resurrection to assure his heart and to give confidence to his mind; and God gave him a sign: ``Your sign is that you shall not speak to people for three days except by signal.''

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Allah considered Zacharias request, and for three days without any natural cause or defect, he could not speak to people, while his tongue was busy in mentioning the name of God and celebrating his praise! (( 42 )) 42- AND WHEN THE ANGELS SAID: `O, MARY! ALLAH HAS CHOSEN YOU AND PURIFIED YOU, AND CHOSEN YOU ABOVE THE WOMEN OF THE WORLDS.

(( 43 )) 43- O, MARY! BE OBEDIENT TO YOUR LORD. PROSTRATE YOURSELF, AND BOW DOWN WITH THOSE WHO BOW.

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 42


Once again the Holy Qur?n returns to the amazing story of Mary and her great honour and high dignity. It begins with the angels who spoke to Mary and said: ``O, Mary! Allah Has chosen you over the women of the worlds.'' She was an elect of God, and unique in giving birth to a wonderful son by a miracle, without intervention of the customary natural means. But this does not mean that she was more than a human being created by God. She had so much need to pray to God as any one else, and it was through such prayers, worship, and piety, that she was purified and then chosen by God for high purposes such as giving birth to a prophet so high as Jesus Christ.

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VERSE NO. 43

Then as a sign of her gratitude and thankfulness, the angels advised her to be obedient to her Lord, to prostrate herself, and to bow down in prayer with those who bow.

(( 44 ))

44- (O, PROPHET) THOSE ARE SOME OF THE NEWS OF THE UNSEEN THAT WE INSPIRE IT TO YOU, AND YOU WERE NOT WITH THEM, WHEN THEY CAST THEIR PENS, AS TO WHICH OF THEM SHOULD HAVE CHARGE OF MARY. AND YOU WERE NOT WITH THEM WHEN THEY WERE DISPUTING. (AND ALL THESE NEWS WERE INSPIRED TO YOU)

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 44


This brings to light another part of Mary's life history, calling them the news of the unseen, or hidden, because such forms of stories that are free from superstitions and full of truth, and which are not found elsewhere in the books and scriptures, have been revealed by inspiration to our prophet; i.e. the Qur?nic verses. Allah says to His Messenger: ``You were not present there to see the contention and dispute between the priests, and finally their casting lot by pen or reeds, and the fall of the lot upon Zacharias in order to have the charge of Mary.''

This verse and others (QUR?N S 37: 140) imply that in certain cases when contention and controversies have led to a deadlock taking decision by casting lot is permissible in Islam.

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(( 45 ))

45- (REMEMBER) WHEN THE ANGELS SAID: ``O, MARY! ALLAH GIVES YOU GLAD TIDINGS OF A WORD FROM HIM WHOSE NAME IS MESSIAH, JESUS, THE SON OF MARY. HE IS OF A HIGH PERSONALITY IN THIS WORLD AND THE LAST, AND OF THOSE WHO ARE NEAR. (TO ALLAH)

(( 46 ))

46- HE SHALL SPEAK TO PEOPLE IN THE CRADLE, AND ADULTHOOD, AND (HE SHALL BE) OF THE RIGHTEOUS.

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 45


From here on, more parts of the story of Mary is mentioned, such as the strange and unnatural birth of her son Jesus: ``And remember when the angels said: O, Mery! Allah gives you the glad tidings of a word from Him whose name is Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, who is of a high personality in this world and the last.'' VERSE NO. 46

In this verse one of the miracles and virtues of Jesus Christ is pointed to, and that was his teaching and preachings when he was a child in the cradle! His words in the cradle was full of wisdom and purpose, as his sermons in adulthood.

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(( 47 ))

47- SHE SAID: ``MY LORD! HOW SHALL I HAVE A SON AND NO MAN TOUCHES ME? HE SAID: `EVEN SO, ALLAH CREATES WHAT HE WILL. WHEN HE DECREES A THING HE ONLY SAYS TO IT ``BE'' AND ``IT IS''.

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 47


When Mary heard the glad tidings of having a son without a husband, she was struck with astonishment, and asked her Lord how could she have a son while no man has ever touched her or touches her?! In answer to that; God assured her that when He is going to do something or create some one, He merely says to it: ``BE'' and it comes to ``BEING''

(( 48 )) 48- AND HE WILL TEACH HIM THE BOOK AND WISDOM, THE TORAH (PENTATEUCH = BIBLE) AND THE GOSPEL.

(( 49 )) 49- AND A MESSENGER TO THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL, (SAYING TO THEM) I HAVE COME TO YOU WITH A SIGN FROM YOUR

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LORD. I WILL MAKE FOR YOU OF CLAY THE LIKENESS OF A BIRD, THEN I WILL BLOW INTO IT, AND IT WILL BE A BIRD BY THE PERMISSION OF ALLAH. I WILL ALSO HEAL THE BLIND AND THE LEPER. AND I RAISE THE DEAD TO LIFE BY THE LEAVE OF ALLAH. AND I WILL INFORM YOU OF WHAT YOU EAT, AND WHAT YOU STORE IN YOUR HOUSES. SURELY IN THAT IS A SIGN FOR YOU IF YOU ARE BELIEVERS.

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 48


Following the four virtues of Jesus that were mentioned above, namely:

1- Being honourable and of high personality in this world and the last. 2- Being near to God. 3- Speaking in the cradle. 4- And being of righteous folk.

Here two more of his particular moral excellences are named: ``That God would teach him, Book, Wisdom, Bible, and Gospel.'' VERSE NO. 49

Here in this verse it is confirmed that Jesus was a true Messenger of God, with several signs and miracles:

* That he could make a bird out of clay and blow life in it, with the permission of God.

* That he could heal and give vision to born blind, and leper by the leave of God; An act, which in the sight of the physicians of his time, was undeniable great miracles.

* That he could report of the secrets of the people as to what had they eaten or hidden in their houses. All these were signs for them if they were believers.

this verse certifies that the prophets are able; of course with the permission of God, and when necessary; to ignore physics, and adhere to metaphysics, performing supernatural things!

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(( 50 ))

50- (AND I HAVE COME TO YOU) TO ATTEST THE LAW WHICH WAS BEFORE ME AND TO MAKE LAWFUL TO YOU CERTAIN THINGS THAT WERE FORBIDDEN UNTO YOU. AND I HAVE COME TO YOU WITH A SIGN FROM YOUR LORD. THEN BEWARE OF ALLAH AND OBEY ME.

(( 51 )) 51- THAT ALLAH IS MY LORD AND YOUR LORD. THEN WORSHIP HIM, THIS IS THE STRAIGHT PATH.

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 50


This verse and the next one is the continuation of the sayings of Jesus Christ to the Israelites. He says here: ``I have come to attest the Mosaic Law which was before me, and to make lawful to you certain things that were declared unlawful and forbidden, and I have with me a sign from Lord. Therefore, beware of Allah and obey me.''

VERSE NO. 51

Then in order to prevent deifying him, and making a god of him and a godess of his mother, because of his exceptional nature of birth, and amazing miracles, he declares: ``Allah is my Lord and your Lord, then worship him, and this is the straight path.'' In the Holy Qur?n we frequently read that when mentioning God, Jesus Christ would say my Lord - Your Lord, or our Lord. This is

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contrary to the canonical Gospel, which is of surety tampered with, and is written many centuries after christ, in which the word LORD is replaced or transalted into FATHER! When Jesus Christ was among people, no one dared to call him a god or any sort of Deity. The TRINITY, which is the union of three hypostasis - the FATHER, THE SON and the HOLY SPIRIT, in one Godhead - being one god as to substance, but three gods as to individuality; was a thesis founded in the third century A.D.

*****

Even in this canonical GOSPEL which has been compiled in the 3rd century A.D.; In many chapters, and through many verses; MONOTHEISM, which is the idea that there is only one God, has clearly been proclaimed. An instance of this which is mentioned in the: MATT. 22: 33 - MARK and LUKE 10: 24 is: YAHOVAH OUR GOD IS THE ONLY GOD.

A pharisee who was a teacher of the scripture, asked Jesus: ``Which one of the Commandments in the scriptures is the most important one?'' JESUS CHRIST answered: ``The most important commandment of the LAW is this: `Listen to ME, O, ISRAEL! YAHOVAH your GOD is the ONLY GOD. So love your God with all your heart and mind.'' This is the greatest and the most important commandment.''

MATTHEWS - 22: 34
TRANSLATOR'S NOTE


(( 52 ))

52- AND WHEN JESUS FELT THEIR UNBELIEF, HE SAID: ``WHO WILL BE MY HELPERS UNTO ALLAH?'' THE DISCIPLES SAID: ``WE ARE THE HELPERS OF ALLAH. WE BELIEVE IN ALLAH; AND YOU BEAR WITNESS THAT WE HAVE SUBMITTED.'' (TO ALLAH'S WILL)

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(( 53 )) 53- OUR LORD! WE BELIEVE IN WHAT YOU HAVE SENT. AND WE FOLLOWED THE MESSENGER. THEN INSCRIBE US WITH THE WITNESSES.

(( 54 )) 54- AND THEY (THE UNBELIEVERS) PLOTTED, AND ALLAH, TOO, PLANNED. AND ALLAH IS THE BEST OF THE PLANNERS.

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 52


Moses foretold of the advent of Jesus Christ and the Jews were eagerly waiting for the coming of the promised Messiah; but when he personally appeared, and the unlawful interests of some of the Israelites was endangered, only a limited number of them followed Jesus, and the rest of them belied and denied him, and even did their best to kill the truthful prophet of God!: ``And when Jesus felt unbelief of them, he asked which of you will help me in the way of Allah? And from among them some twelve men of his disciples answered him saying: `We believe in Him, and You Jesus Christ, bear witness in the presence of God that we believed and submitted.''
VERSE NO. 53

In this verse; phrases are narrated which show the high level of faith and sincerity of the disciple of Jesus Christ: ``Our Lord! We do believe in what You have sent, and we obeyed the Messenger, then write and register us among the testifiers, and those who have submitted to your will. VERSE NO. 54

In contrary to the faith and sincerity of the Apostles, the argument runs to infidelity, plots, and secret evil plans of the Jews and [ 357 ]

his Roman enemies, that they devised against Jesus Christ: ``They plotted, and Allah Who is the best of planners, planned to protect His Message and Messenger, and evidently it is Allah's plan and plot that overcomes and overwhelms.

(( 55 ))

55- AND WHEN ALLAH SAID: ``O, JESUS! I WILL CATCH YOU AND RAISE YOU UP TO MYSELF, AND CLEANSE YOU (OF THE FALSEHOOD) OF THOSE WHO DISBELIEVE. AND I WILL MAKE THOSE WHO FOLLOW YOU SUPERIOR TO THOSE WHO DISBELIEVE, UP TO THE RESURRECTION DAY. THEN TO ME IS YOUR RETURN, AND I WILL JUDGE AMONG YOU CONCERNING WHAT YOU WERE AT VARIANCE ON.

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 55


According to the verse NO. S 4: 157 and this one, S 3: 55; we Muslims believe that Jesus Christ was neither crucified nor killed by the Jews, and that another man was taken and crucified in his likeness. Then Jesus is alive, and he was raised to the heavens by God, as the verse here implies: ``When Allah said: `O, JESUS! I will catch you and raise you up to Myself, and cleanse you of those who disbelieve.'' The purpose of cleanliness mentioned here, might either be his deliverAnce from the cruel hands of the dirty and faithless enemies, or from the charge and plots of the Jews; through the success of his

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doctrine and religion over them. Then the argument runs on one of the amazing predictions of Qur?n; foretelling that, always and until the Day of Doom, those who are true Christians, and the followers of Jesus, will be superior to the Jews who denied and rejected him: ``And I will make those who follow you, superior to those who disbelieved you.'' We may add here that; Muslims are the truest followers of Jesus Christ, because they are the ones who follow up the true and unperverted teachings of jesus, although there is a large body of nominal Christians and millions of people baptized on his name.

Some have taken the Arabic ``MOTAVAFFIKA'' to mean death and causing to die, and they are certainly wrong. All the learned and famous commentators have taken this word to mean ``CATCH'' or ``TAKE'' and they are right, because the root of this Arabic word is ``VAF?'' and not ``VAF?T'', Which means to complete - to take - to catch, and etc. In the Holy Qur?n, the word has frequently, and always been used to mean, catching or taking or keeping something and has never been used to mean death as loss of life and annihilation.

(( 56 ))

56- THEN, AS FOR THOSE WHO DISBELIEVE, I WILL STERNLY PUNISH THEM IN THIS WORLD, AND THE LAST AND THEY SHALL HAVE NO HELPERS. (( 57 ))

57- AND AS FOR THOSE WHO BELIEVE AND DO GOOD DEEDS HE WILL PAY THEM IN FULL THEIR REWARDS, AND ALLAH LOVES NOT THE OPPRESSORS.

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(( 58 )) 58- THIS, WE RECITE TO YOU OF THE SIGNS, AND WISE ADMONITION.

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 56 AND 57


Jesus Christ is addressed in this verse and in the next one; that after final judgement people shall be classified in two main groups: 1) As for those who disbelieved, God will sternly punish them and they shall have no one to help them against God's Chastisement.

2) And as for those who believed and did good deeds, God will pay them in full their rewards.'' The ending of the verse is: ``Allah loves not the oppressors.'' Accordingly He Himself will not oppress any of His servants for the least. VERSE NO. 58

In this verse, the addressing is turned again to our prophet Mohammad (AS) that these matters which we recite and reveal to you, are a portion of our signs and our wisdom in the Qur?nic verses.

(( 59 ))

59- THE SIMILITUDE OF JESUS IS LIKE THAT OF ADAM IN THE SIGHT OF ALLAH. HE CREATED HIM OF DUST, AND THEN SAID TO HIM ``BE'' AND HE ``WAS'' (( 60 ))

60- THIS IS THE TRUTH FROM YOUR LORD. BE NOT OF THE DOUBTERS. [ 360 ]

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 59 AND 60)


These two verses were also revealed to answer the Christian Embassy that had come to the prophet from NAJRAN. They asked the prophet: ``Have you ever seen a child without a father? Why then you are lowering the position of Jesus Christ to the level of a man being?!'' The verse NO. 59 was sent down to answer that: ``If Jesus was born without a human father, ADAM was also borns so; he had neither a human father, nor a mother, like Mary!'' As far as physical bodies are concerned, both, ADAM and JESUS were made of dust. In the sight of God Jesus was as dust as ADAM was, or as all the mankind is. Thus Allah created Jesus from dust, and then said to him: ``BE'' and he came into ``BEING'' as Jesus Christ.'' Such was the story of the creation of HAZRAT JESUS (AS), nothing more and nothing less.

Then, through the next verse (NO. 60) it is emphasized that: ``These are the truth about the creation of Jesus that God Has revealed and recited to you, so do not doubt about that.

(( 61 ))

61- THEN WHOEVER DISPUTE WITH YOU IN HIM, AFTER WHAT HAS COME TO YOU OF KNOWLEDGE; SAY: ``COME ON! LET US CALL OUR SONS AND YOUR SONS, OUR WOMEN AND YOUR WOMEN, OURSELVES AND YOURSELVES THEN LET US EARNESTLY PRAY, AND LAY THE CURSE OF ALLAH ON THE LIARS.

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THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO 61)


Many of the verses in this chapter, refer to the Christian Embassy from NAJR?N, a town 150 miles North of SANA?. In the year of Deputations, i.e. 10 A.H. a Christian mission consisting of sixty priests, clergy, and learned Christians, came to the Holy Messenger of God, for being much impressed on hearing this passage of QUR?N, which explains the true position of Jesus Christ for Muslims. They raised many questions which were all answered by the prophet. Among the questions was: ``What is exactly that to which you call us?'' The prophet said to them: ``I invite you to worship none except your Lord, the only one God, and that Jesus was no more than a human being - a servant of God - and chosen as God's prophet. So do not exaggerate the matter, and stretch not his position beyond the truth.''

They rejected the Divine Call, and adhered to the dogma that he was a god or somehow the son of God! for having not a human father! Our prophet who was indeed firm in his faith, proposed ``MOB?HALEH'' which is the solemn meeting in which both sides should summon their men, women, and children. Then they earnestly have to pray, and invoke the CURSE OF GOD on those who are LIARS!

An appointment was fixed for the MOBAHELEH, and in time, the Christians found Mohammad coming for that purpose. Mohammad (AS) was hand in hand with his beloved brother, cousin, son-in-LAW, and vicegerent HAZRAT IMAM ALI (AS) His two beautiful grand children; Imam Hassan, and Imam Hussein, walked in front of them. FATIMA, his daughter whom he loved so tenderly that he named her: ``THE MOTHER OF HER FATHER'' walked in dignity and glory behind.

Mohammad (AS) and his nearests came forth so resolute; so firm, and so faithful in their belief, that the Christians trembled with fear when they looked them on the faces! The head of the missionary said to the others: ``I see innocent faces coming to us, that if they ask God to move the

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mountains for them, God will do it.'' And thus the Christians Embassy declined, and were dismissed in a spirit of tolerance; with a promise of protection from the state, in return for tribute, or the ``WAGES OF RULE''.

(( 62 ))

62- THIS IS THE TRUE STORY (OF JESUS THE SON OF MARY) AND THERE IS NOT ANY GOD EXCEPT ALLAH; AND THAT, ALLAH IS THE EXALTED IN MIGHT, THE WISE. (( 63 ))

63- THEN IF THEY TURN BACK, ALLAH KNOWS THE EVIL -DOERS.

THE COMMENTARY

VERSE NO. 62


Giving a true account of the birth, the life, and the death of Jesus Christ, here it puts an emphasis, that these stories and narrations that are recited here about him are mere truth. That which some have called him God, or the son of God, and also that which some have known him an illegitimate child, are all false and far from the truth. It is against reason and revelation to call him God or son of God. His high position in the sight of God is not that he had not a human father. It is because of his piety and virtue, his knowledge and wisdom, and after all, because of his good deeds and excellent morals.

The truth about him is what has been revealed to Mohammad (AS). In fact Jesus is no more than a man, He was the clean and

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purified servant of God, Who chose him for His prophethood. He was born miraculously from a pure, clean and virgin mother and without having a mortal father - something not difficult for God to do it. VERSE NO. 63

This verse threatens those who reject the truth deliberately, and after it has been proved and made known to them: ``If in spite of all that proofs and clear signs, they still turn their back and reject the truth, Allah knows well the corruptors.'' It is obvious that, in spite of all that logical reasoning of Qur?n, and their declining and escaping MOB?HALAH, if they yield not to the truth, and obstinately continue their useless disputes, they don't seek the truth, They rather drive at corruption, and their aim is to ruin the faiths and truth, and of course God is not heedless to that.

(( 64 ))

64- SAY, O PEOPLE OF THE BOOK! COME ON TO A WORD COMMON BETWEEN WE AND YOU; THAT WE WORSHIP NONE EXCEPT ALLAH, AND THAT WE DO NOT ASSOCIATE WITH HIM ANYTHING, AND SOME OF US DO NOT TAKE OTHERS AS LORDS BESIDES ALLAH. THEN IF THEY TURN BACK, SAY: `BEAR WITNESS THAT WE ARE MUSLIMS.''

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THE COMMENTARY
THE CALL TO UNITY (VERSE NO. 64)


The foregoing call was to accept Islam in all aspects, but this verse (No. 64) invites us to join in common points and tenets that might exist between Muslims and the people of the Book: ``O, People of the BOOK! come on to a word or a term to be common between us - we and you - that we worship none except Allah, and do not associate with him anything as a co-sharer or compeer.'' The lesson in this verse is that: ``If people are not willing to cooperate with us in all our goals and objects, we may join with them in some important common aims.''

Then there is the problem of consecrated priesthood that from among them, in different classes, some may claim superiority and infalliability, and then stand between man and God in some special sense. The same remark apply to the worship of saints and Imams. They may be holy and pious, but they are no more than man, and have no right to claim lordship over us. According to Islamic principles, no one can claim lordship over man except God:

(( 65 )) 65- O, PEOPLE OF THE BOOK! WHY DO YOU DISPUTE ABOUT ABRAHAM, WHEN THE TORAH AND THE GOSPEL WERE NOT REVEALED TILL AFTER HIM. DON'T YOU USE YOUR WISDOM?

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(( 66 ))

66- AH! YOU ARE THE ONES WHO DISPUTED ON WHAT YOU KNEW; WHY THEN YOU DISPUTE ON WHAT YOU HAVE NO KNOWLEDGE? ALLAH KNOWS AND YOU KNOW NOT. (( 67 ))

67- ABRAHAM WAS NEITHER A JEW, NOR A CHRISTIAN BUT HE WAS OF PURE FAITH, A MUSLIM, AND WAS NOT OF THE POLYTHEISTS. (( 68 ))

68- SURELY THE NEAREST OF PEOPLE TO ABRAHAM ARE THOSE WHO FOLLOWED HIM, AND THIS PROPHET, AND THOSE WHO BELIEVED. AND ALLAH IS THE GUARDIAN OF THE BELIEVERS.

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 65)


It is narrated in Islamic traditions that some learned Jews and Christians wrangled and disputed about Abraham. One party said that he was a Jew and belongs to our sect, and the opposite party claimed that Abraham was a Christian in spirit and belief and through proper channel! Each party claimed that Abraham was theirs, exclusively. To This effect this verse revealed saying: ``Why should you argue about ABRAHAM while the BIBLE and the GOSPEL were both revealed after him!?''

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VERSE NO. 66

The Jews and Christians of various sects who wrangled even about some matters of their own religion on which they had knowledge, and in spite of their knowledge they made great mistakes, they also disputed about some matters that they knew nothing about it! Here they are questioned through this verse: ``You that disputed on what you knew and yet failed and made mistakes, why should you then dispute about a matter on which you know nothing?''

VERSE NO. 67

Then Qur?n expresses clearly that ABRAHAM was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but one of pure and sincere faith, and he was not of the polytheists and idolaters. The latter phrase leaves no room for the pagan Arabs and idolaters too, to attach themselves some how to ABRAHAM.

VERSE NO. 68

The people of the Book with their polytheistic ideas, have put the most important tenet and commandment of Abraham's religion, beneath their foot, and so were the Arab idolaters. Then how do they claim that they are the followers of Abraham or he was their Father and leading prophet? In fact he was not the follower of any of these polytheistic religions. The only question here is: ``How can one call and consider himself a follower of ABRAHAM the Shaikh of the prophets?'' To this question the verse (NO. 68) answers: ``The nearest of people to ABRAHAM; are those who follow him, and this prophet Mohammad (AS) and his followers for having firm belief in the ONENESS OF GOD, and who are surrendered to God's will.''

[ 367 ]

(( 69 )) 69- SOME OF THE PEOPLE OF THE BOOK WISH TO MISLEAD YOU, AND THEY MISLEAD NONE BUT THEMSELVES, BUT THEY DO NOT KNOW.

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 69)


A group of the Israelites were doing their best to attract some of the influential Muslims, such as MOAAZ - AMMAR - and others, to their religion; and by Satanic temptations they wished to make them recant! This verse revealed to warn Muslims of their tricks and intrigues. The verse by disclosing the hidden plots of the enemy, gives them also a notice to stop carrying out secret plans, because their work and plots would fail:

``Some of the people of the BOOK wish to mislead you and to take you to a back-turn, but they will fail and mislead none but themselves, and yet they perceive it not.''

Those Jews were unaware that Mohammad's training and teaching was so reasonable, and based on facts and figures that recant was far from his converts. Therefore the lies and tricks of them would turn against themselves and would ruin their own souls, though they could not perceive it.

(( 70 )) 70- O, PEOPLE OF THE BOOK! WHY DO YOU DISBELIEVE IN ALLAH'S SIGNS, WHILE YOU ARE WITNESSES?

[ 368 ]

(( 71 )) 71- O, PEOPLE OF THE BOOK! WHY DO YOU CLOTHE THE TRUTH WITH FALSEHOOD, AND CONCEAL THE TRUTH; WHILE YOU KNOW?

THE COMMENTARY
VERSE NO. 70 AND 71


The people of the BOOK are admonished here for tampering with truth and clothing it with falsehood for preventing the access of people to it: ``O, People of the BOOK! why do you disbelieve in Allah's signs, and work against the light which you, yourselves are witnesses of it - And why do you clothe and cover the truth with falsehood, and conceal the truth while you know!?'' Those jealous Jews, had the signs and symptoms of the promised prophet in their scriptures, but concealed the facts and did not allow the virtues and credentials of Mohammad to be known. By doing that on purpose, they ruined their souls, and descended to the lowest of degradation.

(( 72 ))

72- AND A PARTY OF THE PEOPLE OF THE BOOK ( THE JEWS) SAID: ``BELIEVE IN THAT WHICH IS SENT TO THE BELIEVERS IN THE MORNING, AND DENY IT IN THE EVENING, PERHAPS THEY MAY RETURN (RECANT)''

[ 369 ]

(( 73 )) 73- (THE JEWS ALSO SAY) AND DO NOT BELIEVE EXCEPT IN HIM WHO FOLLOWS YOUR RELIGION; SAY: (THE REAL) GUIDANCE IS THE GUIDANCE OF ALLAH. (THEY THEN ADDED, BEWARE) LEST ANY ONE SHOULD BE GIVEN THE LIKE OF WHAT YOU HAVE BEEN GIVEN, OR THAT THOSE (RECEIVING SUCH REVELATIONS) SHOULD DISPUTE WITH YOU BEFORE YOUR LORD; SAY: GRACE IS IN THE HAND OF ALLAH. HE GIVES IT TO WHOM HE WILL, AND ALLAH IS THE EXTENDER, ALL- KNOWING.

(( 74 )) 74- HE ADOPTS FOR HIS PARTICULAR MERCY WHOM HE WILL. ALLAH IS THE LORD OF GREAT BOUNTIES.

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 72)


It is narrated that 12 Israelites colluded to go to the prophet, and join the believers in the morning and then repudiate them in the evening! When they were asked why so? They answered: ``We approached and studied on site the signs and marks of the promised prophet in our scriptures, and we came to conclusion that they don't conform with those of Mohammad!''

COMMENTS

The Jews came no short in their enmity, and using all the means they had against the prophet, such as military invasion - economical

[ 370 ]

incursion - social attack - and this verse points to a corner of their cultural rush: ``And a party of the people of the Book said: ` Believe in that which is sent to the believers in the morning, and deny it at evening, perhaps they may return.'' Their plan was not without effect at least on some of the weak minded Muslims and those wanting self - reliance, because the 12 Jews who hatched the plot were known for knowledge and being well versed in the Bible.

VERSE NO. 73

In order to prevent their followers to join Muslims, they advised them to pretend to conversion, and keep on with their own faith: ``And do not believe except in him who follow your religion.'' So Allah in a parenthetical sentence says: ``The real and true guidance is the guidance of Allah.'' Such plots and plans will have no important effect against those who Allah intends to guide them. Once again the verse returns to the continuation of the Israelites tricks that said: ``Beware lest any one should be given the like of what you have been given.'' In other word; Lest the Muslims should be able to convict and prove you guilty, out of your own scripture before your Lord.

It is made clear here, that they were entangled in their self-conceit and racial vanity, by counting themselves the best of people, and races, and also the elect of God! seeking thereby undue advantages for themselves.

The verse ends in addressing the Messenger of Allah. He gives it to whom He will; and that Allah is the Extender.

VERSE NO. 74

With more emphasis it is said here: ``Allah will adopt for His particular Mercy whom He will, for He is the Lord and the Owner of Great Bounties and Grace.'' [ 371 ]

If we sometimes see God's special grace and more extensive bounties include some one, and exclude some others; it is not due to limitation and shortcomings, but rather for merits and deservings it is so.

THE ANCIENT PLOTS

The said verses are among the miraculous ones of Qur?n, that recovers the hidden tricks of the Jews and other enemies of Islam. It also may warn to-day's Muslims, of such plans and plot. In our time, too, the propaganda means of our enemies have aimed at our young generation to destruct and spoil their faith in Islam. They do that in various forms and ways through scholars - by their orientalists, with their historians, and journalists and even by their cinema actors and artists. They deny not that their aim is not to convert our young ones to a Christian or other religion. They merely want them corrupted!

(( 75 ))

75- AND AMONG THE PEOPLE OF THE BOOK IS HE, THAT IF YOU TRUST HIM WITH HEAP OF WEALTH, PAYS IT BACK TO YOU. AND THERE IS OTHER OF THEM, THAT IF YOU TRUST HIM WITH A DINAR, WILL NOT GIVE IT BACK UNLESS YOU DEMAND IT IMPORTUNATELY. THAT IS BECAUSE THEY SAY: `WE ARE NOT BOUND TO KEEP FAITH WITH GENTILES. (ONE OF NON-JEWISH FAITH OR RACE - A HEATHEN) AND THEY TELL LIE ON ALLAH, AND THEY KNOW.

[ 372 ]

(( 76 )) 76- YEA! HE WHO FULFILS HIS COVENANT, AND AVOIDS EVIL, THEN ALLAH LOVES THE GOD- FEARINGS.

THE COMMENTARY
OCCASION OF REVELATION (VERSE NO. 75)


This refers to two of the Jews contemporary with the prophet: One of them named ABDULLAH- IBN- SALAM, was a trustworthy and virtuous man. A wealthy Muslim entrusted him with a hoard of gold that amounted to 1200 GHIAS= 840 KG. Abdullah gave him back all his deposite in due time and term. The second Jew was a vicious traitor whose name was FAN?S; to whom an Arab entrusted one Dinar (a gold coin equal to 66.36 Grains). Fan?s betrayed and denied the trust; when the said verse revealed to this effect.