The Grandeur Of Quran
 

VERSE NO.192197

Leaving the seven stories of the prophets, the immediate reference is now to the grandeur of Qura"n; and its importance in the old Scriptures. The greatness of Qura"n comes from the greatness of its Author, Who is the Lord and Creator of all the worlds: And truly it is a revelation from the Lord of all the worlds, brought down to your heart by the Trustworthy Spirit in a perspicuous Arabic language.

The Arabic, ``GHALB'' literally means the, ``HEART''; but its connotations such as, the seat of affection, memory, and understanding, are used much more in Qura"n than its denotation. ZOBUR (VERSE NO.196) usually translated to PSALMS, is the name of the Scripture that was sent down to David, but here it may include all the Scriptures that were given to the prophets before Mohammad (SA).

[ 481 ]

Many of the Jewish doctors and learned, such as ABDULLAH-IBN-SALAM, and MAGHAIRIQ, and Christian monks like, ``BOHAIRA"'' recognized the Message of God brought down by Mohammad (SA): ``Is it not a sign for them that learned Israelites know it?'' After all; the main tenets, and the most important principles that are found in the Bible, such as the 10 commandments are also found in the Glorious Qura"n.

(( 198 ))

198- HAD WE SENT IT DOWN TO SOME NON-ARABS.

(( 199 ))

199- AND HAD HE RECITED IT TO THEM, THEY WOULD NOT HAVE BELIEVED IN IT.

(( 200 ))

200- SO DO WE ENTER IT TO THE HEARTS OF THE SINNERS.

(( 201 ))

201- THEY WILL NOT BELIEVE IT, UNTIL THEY SEE THE PAINFUL PUNISHMENT.

(( 202 ))

202- WHICH WILL SUDDENLY COME TO THEM WHILE THEY DO NOT KNOW! (THEY DON'T EXPECT IT)

(( 203 ))

203- THEN THEY WILL SAY: ``SHALL WE BE RESPITED?''

[ 482 ]

THE COMMENTARY HAD THE QURA"N BEEN SENT TO NON-ARABS....?

VERSE NO.198203

Arabs were not in a position to catch any sort of a knowledge from other nations. This was contrary to Persians, about whom the prophet said: ``If knowledge is taken up to Pleiades, a group of the Persians will pull it down.'': ``Had We sent it down to some none Arabs, and had he recited it to them they would not have believed it.'' Therefore, the words of God reflected, and entered to the hearts and minds of the sinful Arabs by and by, and gradually in a period of 23 years.

And besides; they were such a racially diverse community that the waves of fanaticism had made them deaf, and were far from accepting a cult or creed of a non-Arab whom they called AJME, which means the stranger. They were so obstinate in their paganism that would not believe in any truth until they could see a painful punishment, afflicting them out of a sudden. By such punishments, the calamities of this material world is most probably wanted.

FANATICISM, which is excessive enthusiasm and unreasoning zeal on any subject such as religion, race, or tribe, has been strictly reproved by Islam. Fanaticism will lay a cover upon the eyes to prevent seeing the fact and truth. Hazrat Imam Ali (AS) has said: ``Allah will punish six groups of people for six kinds of sinHe punishes Arabs for their fanaticism, the headmen for their pride, the rulers for their oppression, the jurists for their jealousy, the merchants for their fraud, and the rustics for their ignorance.''

[ 483 ]

(( 204 ))

204- DO THEY SEEK TO HASTEN OUR PUNISHMENT!?

(( 205 ))

205- HAVE YOU THEN SEEN, IF WE LET THEM ENJOY (THIS LIFE) FOR YEARS?

(( 206 ))

206- THEN THERE CAME TO THEM THAT WHICH THEY WERE PROMISED.

(( 207 ))

207- WHAT THEY HAVE ENJOYED WILL AVAIL THEM NOTHING.

(( 208 ))

208- AND WE DID NOT DESTROY ANY TOWN EXCEPT THAT, THERE WERE WARNERS FOR IT,

(( 209 ))

209- TO REMIND. AND WE WERE NOT OPPRESSORS.

(( 210 ))

210- AND THE SATANS DID NOT BRING IT DOWN.

(( 211 ))

211- AND IT IS NOT BEFITTING THEM, NOR ARE THEY ABLE TO.

(( 212 ))

212- THEY ARE BREFT OF HEARING. (EVESDROPPING)

[ 484 ]

THE COMMENTARY
ANOTHER CHARGE BROUGHT ON QURA"N


VERSE NO.204212

The previous passage was ended in that, the sinners will ask for some respite in their death-bed. They forget that they frequently had scoffed at God's revelation and ironically asked to hasten Allah's punishment when they were sound and safe! But even still, if they could obtain a respite nothing would change in their part. If Allah would let them to live long and enjoy this life for many years, what difference could it make, when they do not want to change their mind and their way? They will continue again with their previous enjoyments. The more the better; they will think again, while it is not the enjoyments that bring salvation and prosperity. The sinners keep themselves busy with sins until it is too late to repent, even if they mean it. Some others are so shameless that they boldly ask to hasten their punishment. These have no faith in God's justice and judgement, but Allah's punishment will afflict them much sooner than they may come to think of it:

``And We did not destroy any town except that there were warners for it....to remind. And We were not oppressors.'' Allah Who is All-mercy and All-forgiving, will respite the sinners enough to ponder over the consequences of their oppressions and evil deeds; but they plunge so deep into the lagoon of vanity and guilt, that the respite profits them nothing. After all; God is well aware of Man's weak-points and will never oppress any one the least.

Then the Sacred Book of Allah proceeds to answer another charge that the unbelievers have brought on Qura"n, saying that Mohammad (SA) was connected with Jinns, and the Evil Spirits are the real author of Qura"n!:

[ 485 ]

``And the Satan did not bring it down, and it is not befitting them, nor are they able to do that. They are breft of evesdropping.'' The pagans were struck with astonishment when Qura"n was rehearsed to them, so they attributed the wonderful power and influence of the Book of God to evil spirits.

Had they used their brain and faculty of thought, they could easily apprehend that such a masterpiece and glorious message is not befitting Satans, and they can never be able to bring down such a truthful message. How and where from can they obtain such a knowledge and such beneficient message, which is all against their ideas and nature? The Satan who they said, must have done it, has not such an ability and merit, so as to hear the word of God or to get such inspirations through the angels.

(( 213 ))

213- THEN CALL ON NO OTHER GOD BESIDES ALLAH, LEST YOU BE OF THOSE WHO ARE TORMENTED.

(( 214 ))

214- AND ADMONISH YOUR NEAREST KINSFOLK.

(( 215 ))

215- AND LOWER DOWN YOUR WING, (SHOW KINDNESS) FOR HE WHO FOLLOWS YOU OF THE BELIEVERS.

(( 216 ))

216- THEN IF THEY DISOBEY YOU SAY; ``I AM DEVOID OF WHAT YOU DO.''

[ 486 ]

(( 217 ))

217- AND PUT YOUR TRUST IN THE EXALTED IN MIGHT, THE COMPASSIONATE.

(( 218 ))

218- HE WHO SEES YOU WHEN YOU GET UP.

(( 219 ))

219- AND YOUR MOVEMENT AMONG THOSE WHO PROSTRATE THEMSELVES.

(( 220 ))

220- THAT HE IS ALL-HEARING, ALL-KNOWING.

THE COMMENTARY
INVITE YOUR NEAR KINS TO ISLAM


VERSE NO.213220

Through the above verses, five instructions are given to the Messenger of God:

1First of all he is ordered to go on being considerate in Monotheism. Although the prophet was the herald and proclaimer of Monotheism himself, the importance of the tenet is so high in Islam, that for more emphasis the prophet is addressed here, saying: ``Call on no one other than Allah, lest you be of those who are tormented.''

2The next instruction is to show the prophet how to make known his prophetic mission, and from where to begin: ``And admonish your nearest kinsfolk.''

In order to proceed on an extensive revolutionary carrier, one [ 487 ] must begin in a small circle, the best of which is that of the nearest kinsfolk and friends, who have a better record and first hand information about the leader's past and background.

It was then three years from his prophetic mission when the above instruction was revealed. Accordingly, the Messenger of God invited some forty men of his nearest family to a dinner in his uncle's house (ABUTALIB). When the dinner was served and the prophet wanted to make a speech his other uncle ABULAHAB disturbed the meeting and scattered out the prophet's guests.

Next day once again the prophet gathered them together and after dinner in a brief speech he said to them: ``Upon my Lord I know no one to have brought to his family a thing so good that I have brought to you. I have brought to you the good of this world and that of the Hereafter. Which one of you, then, are willing to help me and become my brother as well as my successor?'' All the guests rejected him, except Hazrat Imam Ali (AS) who got up and said: ``O, Messenger of God! In your prophetic mission, I am your mate and Helper.''

Then the prophet said to the guests who were his nearest of kins: ``Verily this is my brother, and my executor, and my successor among you, therefore, all of you listen to him and obey him.'' Some of the audience scoffed at him and dismissed, while Abulahab said to ABUTALIB who was Hazrat Imam Ali's father: ``Your nephew commands you to obey the orders of your son.'' This incident has been narrated by almost all important Sonni writers and scholars such as: IBN-ABIJARIR, IBN-ABIHATIM, IBN-MARDUYEH, BAIHAGHI, SAALABI, TABARI AND IBN-ASIR.

3The third instruction puts the prophet in a greater circle than the family circle mentioned above. He is ordered to be kind, gentle, and considerate, with all the believers who follow him: [ 488 ]

``And lower down your wings for he who follows you of the believers.'' Lower your wing is an Arabic idiom that the high-flying bird being considerate and kind, lowers her wings to her youngsters.

4Then the prophet is instructed, not to worry if the pagans rejected faith. Just tell them that you are not responsible for what they do, and they themselves are to answer for it, in a Final Judgement: ``Then if they disobey you; say, I am devoid of whatever you do.''

5And in the fifth order, God tells the prophet to put his whole trust on God, lest such oppositions and hostilities might discourage him: ``And put your trust in the Exalted in might, the compassionate who sees you when you are standing or moving among those who prostrate themselves.''

Kneeling and prostarting are relative arrangements of different parts of Muslim Prayer. Our prophet was himself very earnest and Zealous in his prayers, and in his sight, the prayer was the pillar of the religion of Islam.

*****

MOHAMMAD'S (SA) FIRST SPEECH

Three years from the first Revelation elapsed. Qura"n was gradually revealed up to some forty chapters, or what they called it SUREH. Muslim's underground endeavors was not sufficient. People were receiving contradictory news from here and there about Mohammad (SA) and what he claimed of. Therefore, God ordered His Messenger to publicate his preaching by admonishing his nearest kinsmen first, and invite them to accept the new religious doctrine:

``And admonish your nearest kinsfolk, and lower your wings for he who follows you of the believers.'' S26:214

[ 489 ] To obey this commandment of Allah, the prophet invited some forty men from among his nearest kinsmen, and gathered them together in ABUTALIB'S house, in a night for dinner. They all accept the invitation to see what was going on under the ground. In that party, the prophet decided to give reason to the reasonable, and to show a miracle for those who lacked some common sence. His first public miracle was of that sort which was shown by JESUS CHRIST, mentioned in the N.T.; ``feeding a crowd with a little food!'' There, a small portion of food was prepared which was scarcely enough to satisfy an individual, and yet, out of that small portion of food, he fed all the forty men to satisfaction! The whole group were amazed to see that!

One of the prophet's uncles, named ABULAHAB, who always and everywhere criticized Mohammad, took the lead and said to his brother ABUTALIB: ``Our nephew has learned the art sorcery so how he fed this large group of people with that little food!'' Mohammad did not say anything to that false assertion of his uncle, and sufficed with an ironical smile. When the dinner was served, Mohammad (SA) got up in a point where all the guests could see him and made his first speech as follows: ``In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate''

``O, you the progenies of ABDULMOTALLIB! Rescue yourselves from the Fire of Hell. Know that he who is sent in search of water by his people will not tell them lies. Upon my Lord! If all the people tell you lie, I will not. And if all the people mislead you, I do not do that. Upon the God except whom there is no other god, I am the Messenger of God, to all the people. Upon my Lord you all will die as you go to sleep, and all of you shall be raised from death, as you wake up! Then you will have to give an account of whatever you have done, bad or good. Then your reward for good deeds is good, and that foe bad deeds shall be bad.

[ 490 ]

Certainly, Paradise and Hell, both exist eternally, and are awaiting you according to your good or evil deeds. O, you offsprings of ABDULMOTALLIB! Upon my Lord, I know not anyone to have brought for his family, so good a thing as I have brought for you. That which I have brought is prosperity and salvation in this life, and in the hereafter (if you follow me). If I say to you that a cavalry of enemy are coming from behind the mountains to attack you, do you deny me? I am telling you, be cautious, and save yourselves from the dangers of the fire of Hell. Of my Lord I want nothing dearer to me than (GUIDING) you; and this is why I warn you of a dreadful torture which is very near.

My example with you is that of a man who sees the enemy who comes to invade the houses and he anxiously wants to inform his clan before the invasion begins. Thus the man frequently shouts to his family: ``Get you up! Wake up! morning is come.'' He does his best to make the family aware of the approach of their enemy. Your enemy is your deeds, your customs, and faith (of Polytheism). I am the Messenger of God to inform you of that, and to invite you to utter and testify two words which is easy to say but difficult to bear. Say you: ``There is no god but Allah, and that, I, Mohammad, am His Messenger.''

Then Mohammad paused for a while looking at the audience, and said again: Is there anyone among you my kinsmen who may accept my cause and become my executor and successor?''

ABULAHAB the evil uncle, opened his mouth again and said to Mohammad (SA): ``Down with you! Was that why you gathered us together here wasting our time!?''

[ 491 ]

Imam Ali (AS), who was the youngest among all and in his teenages got up and with an innocence and verasity said:

``O, Messenger of God! I faithfully believe in you and your mission, and in this cause I am your real mate and helper.'' Mohammad (SA), who never showed the least doubt or fluctuation concerning his Divine Mission throughout his life, with a decisive mode of speech, said: ``All of you know then, that this Ali is my brother and my successor. So all of you have to listen to him and obey his order.'' ABULAHAB could now guess that his nephew's serious words, could not be without some strong support and firm standpoint, and yet he did not want to admit the truth or go short, so he said to his brother ABUTALIB: ``Congratulations! Now your nephew whom you support so much, commands you to obey the order of your little son!''

After that irony, the group dismissed, but the meeting was by no means a failure as one may think. The prophet as per order of God warned his nearest kinsfolk, and also publicated his preachings and declared the principle tenets of his doctrine as a new religion, and made people to consider the matter and think over it.

REFERENCES: PEYAMBAR BY: Z.RAHNAMATHE HISTORY OF BAIHAGHITHE HISTORY OF TABARITABARSI'S MAJMAULBAYANALMIZA"N, BY TABA"TABA"EE.

TRANSLATOR'S NOTE

(( 221 ))

221- SHALL I INFORM YOU ON WHOM THE SATANS COME DOWN? [ 492 ]


(( 222 ))

222- THEY COME DOWN UPON EVERY LYING SINNER.

(( 223 ))

223- THEY INDUCE (TO OTHERS WHAT THEY) HEAR AND MOST OF THEM ARE LIARS.

(( 224 ))

224- (THE PROPHET IS NOT A POET) POETS ARE THOSE WHOM THE STRAYS FOLLOW.

(( 225 ))

225- HAVE YOU NOT SEEN THAT THEY WANDER IN EVERY FIELD?

(( 226 ))

226- AND THEY SAY THAT WHICH THEY DO NOT DO IT. (THEY ARE PREACHING WHAT THEY THEMSELVES DO NOT PRACTICE)

(( 227 ))

227- EXCEPT THOSE WHO BELIEVE AND DO RIGHTEOUS DEEDS, AND REMEMBER ALLAH TOO MUCH, AND DEFEND WHEN THEY ARE OPPRESSED, AND SOON WILL THE OPPRESSORS KNOW TO WHAT A DESTINATION WILL THEY TURN.

[ 493 ]

THE COMMENTARY
THE PROPHET IS NOT A POET


VERSE NO.221227

Here are the last verses of the chapter of poets, to make us more acquainted with Satanic Temptations, and reject the malicious charges that the heathens put on the Messenger of God calling him a poet or possessed. Some others accused him of being inspired by evil spirits. This is when Satanic inducements have their own clear signs that will easily distinguish them from the truth, and Divine Inspiration. Satanic inducement is destructive, noxious and corruptive to morals, and its followers are liars and sinners, and no one can attribute such characteristics to the Glorious Qura"n and to whom brought it.

Satan will entrap those people who are liars and do not avoid evil and wickedness. Their most evident examples are those who maliciously said that the Messenger of God was possessed, and was inspired by evil spirit. They were all lying sinners, who had easily given up their minds and thoughts to Devil and, tried to cover the prophet of God with their own cloak shamelessly, but they utterly failed.

The pagans also accused the prophet of being a poet at his early stages of preachings. In S37:36, we read: ``And they say: ``Should we leave our gods for the sake of a poet who is possessed?'' Qura"n proves that the methodical way of the prophet was far different from that of a poet. A poet lives with his own imaginations and emotions, but a prophet lives in the world of realities and truth: ``Poets are those whom the strays follow. Have you not seen that they wander in every field. And that, they say that which they do not do it. Except those who....''

[ 494 ]

The attack to the poets is to be read with the exception mentioned in verse NO.227, that follows the attack. Poetry is like a pot or like an instrument. It may be used either in favour of an object or against it. Poetry can work in favour of evil or against it, and so is the condition of poetry with righteousness and religion. It depends on who and how someone uses the poetry, which is a very effective instrument, and sometimes an efficient weapon.

There are poets whose objects are not merely poetry and playing with words and speech. They have a Divine, Social, Moral or perhaps a philosophical message to convey through their poems. These groups of poets sincerely believe in God and His Apostles and in the Resurrection Day. They do righteous deeds. They remember Allah too much; and stand firm against oppression. They use their poetry as an effectual weapon against evil and corruption.

THE END OF SUREH POETS (26) [ 495 ]



THE ANT


IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MERCIFUL THE COMPASSIONATE.

(( 1 ))

1- TA-SIN. THOSE ARE THE SIGNS (VERSES) OF QURA"N, AND THE PERSPICUOUS BOOK.

(( 2 ))

2- A GUIDANCE AND GOOD NEWS FOR THE BELIEVERS.

(( 3 ))

3- THOSE WHO PERFORM THE PRAYER, AND PAY THE ALMS-TAX, AND ARE SURE OF THE LIFE TO COME. (THE HEREAFTER)

(( 4 ))

4- THOSE WHO WILL NOT BELIEVE IN THE LIFE TO COME, WE HAVE DECORATED THEIR DEEDS FOR THEM, SO THEY ARE CONFUSED.

[ 496 ]

(( 5 ))

5- THOSE ARE THEY FOR WHOM IS THE GRIEVOUS TORMENT, AND THEY ARE THE GREATEST LOSERS IN THE HEREAFTER.

(( 6 ))

6- AND VERILY YOU GET THE QURA"N FROM THE ALL-WISE, ALL-KNOWING.

THE COMMENTARY
QURA"N HAS COME FROM THE ALL-KNOWING LORD


VERSE NO.16

The Arabic ``TELKA'' translated to, ``THOSE'' is a nominative pronoun which points to something not near; and therefore implies the greatness of the subject, which in this case it is the Glorious Qura"n. The adjective, ``MOBIN'' translated to, ``PERSPICUOUS'' qualifies Qura"n, and means being clear, as well as making something clear to the understanding. In other word, the adjective implies that the Book explains all we need; such as the nature of Allah, the Physical and Spiritual worlds that have surrounded us, and Man's position therein. It will guide us to the right conducts, and gives us a glad-tiding for a good end that we may have in Paradise as well as in this temporary life in which we are living on probation.

Qura"n is guidance and a good-news for the believers who perform the prayer, pay the alms-tax, and who are sure of the life to come. [ 497 ] True that the believers are already guided; but we should know that faith and guidance consists of many stages and grades, and so that, each lower grade is a platform for jumping to an upper stage of progress in the path of evolution. To this effect we always ask our Lord in our Daily Prayers, saying:

``Guide us to the straight way...''

Then the verses apply to the opposite party saying: ``Those who will not believe in the life to come, We have adorned their deeds for them, so they are confused and live in distraction.'' Those who reject the guidance of Allah follow their own whims and caprices. Their deeds may only please themselves for being decorated in their eyes, and as a result of that, they are perplexed and wander about in distraction: ``Those are they for whom is the grievous torment, and they are the greatest losers in the hereafter.''

7- (AND REMEMBER) WHEN MOSES SAID TO HIS HOUSEHOLD: ``I PERCEIVED A FIRE. SOON I WILL BRING YOU A NEWS OF IT, OR BRING YOU A BURNING BRAND THAT YOU MAY WARM YOURSELVES. (BY KINDLING A FIRE)

(( 8 ))

8- THEN WHEN HE CAME TO IT, (HE HEARD) A CALL SAYING: ``BLESSED IS HE WHO IS IN THE FIRE, AND HE WHO IS AROUND IT. AND GLORY BE TO ALLAH, THE LORD OF ALL THE WORLDS.''

[ 498 ]

(( 9 ))

9- O, MOSES! VERILY I AM ALLAH, EXALTED IN MIGHT, ALL-WISE.

(( 10 ))

10- AND CAST DOWN YOUR STAFF. THEN WHEN HE SAW IT MOVING FAST AS IF A SNAKE, HE TURNED BACK AND LOOKED NOT BEHIND. (HE FLED)

O, MOSES! DO NOT BE AFRAID, THAT THE MESSENGERS DO NOT FEAR IN MY PRESENCE.

(( 11 ))

11- EXCEPT HE WHO OPPRESSED, THEN CHANGED TO GOOD AFTER DOING BAD; THEN I AM ALL-FORGIVING COMPASSIONATE.

(( 12 ))

12- AND PUT YOUR HAND INTO YOUR ARM-PIT, AND IT WILL COME OUT SHINING WHITE WITH NOTHING WRONG. (THESE ARE AMONG) THE NINE SIGNS TO PHARAOH AND HIS PEOPLE, THAT THEY HAVE BEEN A PEOPLE OF DEBAUCHERIES.

[ 499 ]

(( 13 ))

13- BUT WHEN OUR ILLUMINATING SIGNS CAME TO THEM THEY SAID: ``THIS IS A CLEAR SORCERY.''

(( 14 ))

14- AND THEY (DELIBERATELY) DENIED THEM OUT OF PRIDE AND OPPRESSION THOUGH THEIR SOULS WERE SURE OF IT. THEN SEE HOW WAS THE END OF THE EVIL-DOERS.