The Commentary : All Creatures Prostrate Themselves Before God
 

VERSE NO.18

According to various verses of Qura"n, all the creatures that make the universe, prostrate themselves, and bow down before God. They all glorify Him and celebrate His praise. In the S 17:14, we read thus: ``Glorify Him the seven heavens and the earth, and whoever is in them; and there is not a thing that does not celebrate His praise, but you do not understand their celebration.'' Therefore, all the creatures, be they animate or inanimate, even the skies and the earth, the sun, moon and stars, the mountains and trees and beasts, all and all glorify God, and celebrate His praise. [ 227 ]

The very existence of each creature is a sign and a witness of the Creator's Infinite Power, Wisdom, Oneness, and also Beauty and Goodness. When the birds sing, in reality they sing the praise of their Creator, and pray for His sustenance. In other word; all the creatures of whatever kind depend to God for their existence. Without God they are nothing. So they work with harmony with God's universal law. If they leave that harmony, they will perish. Therefore, if prostration means submission to the will of God, such harmony in universe can be construed as their submission and prostration.

Some of gnostics and learned (LIKE JALALADIN RUMI) are of opinion that every atom in the universe has some sort of intelligence and understanding, and glorifies God, and celebrates the praise of his Creator, who has granted its wonderful order and harmony.

(( 19 ))

19- THESE ARE TWO CONTENTIOUS WHO CONTEND ABOUT THEIR LORD. AS TO THOSE WHO DISBELIEVED, FOR THEM IS CUT OUT GARMENTS OF FIRE, AND BOILING WATER WILL BE POURED OVER THEIR HEADS.

(( 20 ))

20- BY WHICH WHATEVER IS IN THEIR STOMACH WILL BE MELTED, AND THEIR SKIN TOO.

(( 21 ))

21- AND FOR THEM IS WHIPS OF IRON.

[ 228 ]

(( 22 ))

22- EVERY TIME THAT THEY INTEND TO GET OUT OF THAT, FROM THE ANGUISH, THEY WILL BE TURNED BACK TO IT, AND (IT WILL BE SAID TO THEM) TASTE YOU THE PUNISHMENT OF BURNING.

(( 23 ))

23- VERILY ALLAH WILL ADMIT THOSE WHO BELIEVED AND DID RIGHTEOUS DEEDS, INTO GARDENS (PARADISE) BENEATH WHICH STREAMS FLOW. THEREIN THEY SHALL BE ADORNED WITH BRACELETS OF GOLD AND PEARL, AND THEIR CLOTHING THERE IS OF SILK.



(( 24 )) 24- AND THEY ARE GUIDED TO GOOD WORDS, AND ARE GUIDED TO PRAISEWORTHY PATH.

THE COMMENTARY
THE TWO OPPONENT PARTIES


VERSE NO.1924 Most of the commentators have written that the above verse (NO.19) was revealed in the following occasion of the BATTLE OF BADR:

On the Friday morning of MARCH 624 AD. (17th RAMAZAN 2AH), the [ 229 ] Maccans proceeded to capture the water wells in the field of BADR. There they found Muslims firmly on guard! To have access to water, the heathens had no other choice but to fight for it. So was the battle of Badr started, and at first with a number of single combats between the famous champions and veterans of the two antagonist parties. Such was the normal custom of Arabs in their wars. ATBEH, from among the idolaters came forth, accompanied by his brother, ``SHAIBEH'' and his son, ``VALID'' and they asked for challengers. From among the Muslim troops, the prophet's uncle HAZRAT HAMZIH, and HAZRAT IMAM ALI, and his cousin, ``OBEIDEH'' went to answer them.

In a fierce fight between the six opponents, Imam Ali (AS) slayed Valid, and Hazrat Hamzeh killed, Shaibeh. OBEIDEH who was relatively an old man, was wounded, but Imam Ali (AS) rushed to his aid and thereby ATBEH was also killed. As a result, three of the leading men from among the heathens were killed and a believer injured. To this effect the above verse (NO.19) was sent down.

COMMENTS

In the previous verse (NO.17) a mention was made of five groups of non-Muslims, who always will stand in opposition against Muslims. If we consider their contention with deeper insight, we come to the conclusion that their differences are all about their Lord, and in particular about His Oneness. This is because we all look at our Lord from the stand point of our own understandings. It is unfortunately so that, if we ask a cow to describe his Lord for us, she will begin with the description of His great, sharp, and beautiful horns! As a matter of fact our differences are not mainly about religions, but rather about the Oneness of God. Here for those who deny God or defy His Oneness, four kinds of severe punishment has been mentioned, namely 1) A clothing of Fire. [ 230 ]

2) A shower of boiling water, that melts whatever is in their stomach. 3) Whips of iron 4) And turning them back to their anguish and dreadful abode when they try to get out of it.

The salty and the sweet water in the sea, are two streams or two streaks, that flow together until the Trumpet is blown for Resurrection of all. So are the two antagonist parties, such as Hazrat Imam Ali (AS) and HAZRAT HAMZEH (R.A.) with their opponents, ATBEH and VALID. Generally, the believers and the unbelievers will continue contending about their Lord upto the final judgement in the Resurrection Day, when those who deny God and defy His Will; have to wear their new garment which is cut out of Fire, as a consequence of their evil deeds. This is a punishment that no evil doer can escape it.

On the contrary, believers who have done good deeds, will enjoy a good, comfortable, and eternal life; in the GARDENS OF BLISS (PARADISE), adorned with costly ornaments, clothed with beautiful silks, and guided to purity of speech, and to a praiseworthy path.

(( 25 ))

25- VERILY THOSE WHO DISBELIEVED, AND BAR (PEOPLE) FROM ALLAH'S WAY AND THE SACRED MOSQUE (KAABEH), WHICH WE HAVE MADE IT FOR PEOPLE EQUALLY, BE THEY DWELLERS OR BEDOUINE. AND WHOEVER INTENDS PROFANITY THEREIN BY OPPRESSION WE WILL MAKE HIM TASTE A PAINFUL TORMENT. [ 231 ]

THE COMMENTARY

Here the immediate reference is to a special group of the heathens who bar the way of Allah and create obstructions in the way of pilgrims to the Sacred Mosque. (KAABEH), the Sacred Mosque in Mecca is made for people equally, whether they be the townsfolk of Mecca or travel there from far distant places as pilgrims. Whoever intends profanity, or violates the sanctity of the sacred precinct (HARAM), or oppress the pilgrims, he shall have to taste a painful punishment. Many things are seriously prohibited during the performance of the rites of pilgrimage, such as obscenity, wickedness, wrangling, and any kind of oppression and harm to pilgrims or any creature (S 2:193). Through the pilgrimage, men and women come together from far and near, to share in sacrifice, to perform congregational prayer, and celebrate the praise of God.

To respect the pilgrims there, is so important that Hazrat Imam Ali ordered his governor not to charge rent of quarter given to the pilgrims. We read in the letter NO.68 of Hazrat Imam Ali's NAHJUL BALAGHA, which he has written to his governor in Mecca, (QUASUM-IBN-ABBASS) that: ``Order the citizens of Mecca not to charge rent of the quarters that they give out to pilgrims, because the All-mighty Lord has decreed that; (S 22:25) in this Holy City, the permanent residents and the pilgrims have equal status and right. May God enable us to do things which He approves of, and likes.''

(( 26 ))

26- AND WHEN WE PREPARED FOR ABRAHAM THE SITE OF THE HOUSE; (AND WE SAID TO HIM BUILD IT, AND) DO NOT [ 232 ]

ASSOCIATE WITH ME ANYTHING, AND CLEANSE MY HOUSE FOR THOSE WHO ENCOMPASS, AND THOSE WHO STAND (IN PRAYER) AND THOSE WHO BOW DOWN AND PROSTRATE THEMSELVES.

(( 27 ))

27- AND PROCLAIM THE PILGRIMAGE AMONG PEOPLE IN ORDER TO COME TO YOU EITHER ON FOOT OR RIDING ANY LEAN BEAST TO COME FROM FAR AWAY ROADS.

(( 28 ))

28- SO AS TO WITNESS THE BENEFITS THAT THERE ARE FOR THEM, AND TO PRONOUNCE THE NAME OF ALLAH IN CERTAIN DAYS, OVER WHAT HE HAS GIVEN THEM OF SUSTENANCE, SUCH AS THE CATTLE (FOR SACRIFICE). SO EAT OF IT, AND FEED THE UNFORTUNATE POOR.

THE COMMENTARY
GENERAL ANNOUNCEMENT FOR PILGRIMAGE


VERSE NO.2628

Here the verses begin with the construction of KAABEH which is the most Sacred Mosque of Muslims, and stands in the city of Mecca. According to Islamic traditions, the Sacred Mosque was at first built by ADAM, and it was ruined in the FLOOD. Then Allah showed its foundations to ABRAHAM, and he, with the help of his son Ishmael, [ 233 ] raised up the walls and reconstructed the first Mosque of Mankind in which the only one God of universe, (Allah) should have been worshipped. So when the Sacred house was completed, Allah said to Abraham:

``....And do not associate with me anything, and cleanse my house for those who encompass, and for those who stand in prayer, or who bow down and prostrate themselves.''

When the house was built and cleansed all round, and made ready for worship; Abraham was ordered to proclaim the pilgrimage among all people, to come there from far and near, either on foot or mounted.

THE CERTAIN DAYS OF PILGRIMAGE

Commentators differ as to when the certain days of pilgrimage (NO.28) are, but most of them have understood it to be the first ten days of the Arabic Month ZUL-HAJJ, and also another limited period consisting of the two or three subsequent days known as, ``TASHRIQ''. The Days of Tashriq is a stay of two or at maximum three days after the complete performance of the rites of pilgrimage. So was the pilgrimage announced generally and for all people by Abraham, so as to come there from everywhere, far or near, on foot or mounted on lean camel or whatever.

There in the Mecca, during performing the rites, pilgrims would see many kinds of benefits that may exist for them, in this present material life, or on their future spiritual life as well. Thereby, they may enjoy the benefits of trade and commerical activities, or appreciate the profits of tourism, be it for pleasure or culture.

So also the spiritual advantages of their pilgrimage can be estimated as immense. Such advantages differ from different points of view, that every individual pilgrim may look on. Among the pilgrimage's social advantages, we may consider the opportunities which the journey may provide for strengthening our international brotherhood. [ 234 ]

ETHICAL BENEFITS OF PILGRIMAGE

One of the main objects of pilgrimage to the Sacred House of Allah is the ethical benefits of the pilgrims. There in the course of performing the rites of HAJJ, all the morals of the pilgrim will undergo a change! When he wears the white garb of the pilgrims, and finds himself alike with all; he even may forget that he lives in such a material world. With the GARB=IHRA"M, certain pilgrim's prohibitions come into operation, and the pilgrim is dedicated to worship, and denial of vanities, passions, lusts, luxuries, and worldly desires. Then the pilgrim may at once feel a wonderful comfort which is rarely found in our material world. He feels to be completely unloaded. When the chief rites are performed one after another, the spiritual relation of Man with his Lord will increase instant by instant. So much so that the pilgrim may find himself a newly born, and brought into existence by new rules and regulations.

POLITICAL PROFITS OF PILGRIMAGE

In spite of presenting the deepest and purest of worship, HAJJ is the most effective means of political development. The spirit of worship is to consider God, and the soul of politics is to consider people. So the pilgrimage's political aspect, is a very effective means of uniting Muslims together. It also is a good medium of communicating with other nations who are ruled by a tyrant or a dictator. Pilgrimage is a door which opens to freedom, and also serves to strengthen the faith of people.

THE CULTURAL BENEFITS OF PILGRIMAGE

During the pilgrimage, cultural exchange among various groups of people is something inevitable. The great congregation of Muslims, who have gathered together for their religious worship, include different kinds of people of various [ 235 ] race, nation, colour, language, culture, and thought. In their religious contacts, they may exchange all sorts of news of their nations to one another, and may also have all kinds of commerical transactions, and cultural or political, activities.

A considerable rite of HAJJ, is the sacrifices of cattle. In the first sight, the sacrifices are symbols of the piety of heart, and some sort of a worship. Then the flesh of the sacrifices has to be shared with fellow-men, and in particular with those who are poor and needy. It is not a rightful deed to sacrifice a cattle, have a little part of it served, and to bury the rest of the flesh in the ground. If there is an extra amount of meat, it should be taken to other countries any how, and be given to the poor and needy.

(( 29 ))

29- THEN LET THEM TRIM UP THEMSELVES, AND FULFIL THEIR VOWS, AND ENCIRCLE THE ANCIENT HOUSE.

(( 30 ))

30- THOSE ARE (THE RITES OF PILGRIMAGE), AND WHOEVER VENERATES THE SACRED RITES OF ALLAH, THAT IS BETTER FOR HIM WITH HIS LORD. AND THE CATTLE IS MADE LAWFUL FOR YOU, EXCEPT THAT WHICH IS RECITED TO YOU (AS UNLAWFUL). SO AVOID THE ABOMINATION OF THE IDOLS, AND AVOID FALSE WORD.

[ 236 ]

THE COMMENTARY
SOME OTHER CHIEF RITES OF HAJJ

VERSE NO.2930

Among the chief rites of HAJJ are some prohibitions to be observed during the state of Ihram, when the pilgrim has to have his White Garb on. Some of the prohibitions that the pilgrim should abstain are as follows: The pilgrim should not cut his nail, and cut or trim his hair. No game must be hunted, and no scent must be used. Even the pilgrim must not see himself through a looking glass. Cutting the trees within the Sacred precinct of KAABEH is also forbidden, and sexual contacts are unlawful. All the said prohibitions apply equally to man and woman, and the taboos are removed on the 10th day when the HAJJ has been completed: ``Let them remove their SUPERFLUOUS. (TRIM UP)''

Then there is a second commandment in the verse (NO.29): ``....And let them fulfil their, ``VOWS'' and encircle the Ancient House.'' Many of the pilgrims may vow to perform extra prayer or circumambulation, or sacrifice, for certain demands. Here, they are reminded not to forget their promise.

And as to why KAABEH has been named the, ``ANCIENT HOUSE'' in the above verse? Because it is the oldest center of Monotheism, and it is the first house built for people to worship Allah. (S 3:96)

WHAT IS MEANT BY, ``GHOL ZUR''?

The arabic, ``GHOL ZUR'' translated to false word, may refer to the rites performed by Arab pilgrims in the Pagan Era. When they encircled KAABEH nudely, they sung as a part of the circumambulation rite, the following false words: ``Here I am at Your service. O, Lord! Here I am. No partner you have except the partner who is yours, and you own him.'' [ 237 ]

The above false recital was a perverted form of what HAZRAT ABRAHAM (AS) had taught them, the correct form of which is as follows. When the pilgrims put on their white Garb (IHRAM) they make their Intention (NIYYAT) by rehearsing:

``Here I am at your service, O, my Lord! Here I am.
There is no partner for you. Here I am.
Truly the Praise and the Favour is Yours, and the Dominion.
There is no partner for You! Here I am.''
The last verse (NO.30) refers to the lawful meats, the unlawfuls among which were excluded in S 2:173 that:
``He has forbidden you carrion, blood, the flesh of swine, and any flesh that is slaughtered in the name of any other than Allah.''

(( 31 ))

31- (PERFORM THE RITES OF HAJJ HAVING) PURE FAITH IN ALLAH, ASSOCIATING NOTHING WITH HIM. HE WHO ASSOCIATES PARTNERS WITH ALLAH, IT IS AS IF HE HAS FALLEN FROM THE SKY, AND THE BIRDS SNATCH HIM (IN THE AIR); OR THE WIND CARRIES HIM OFF TO A FAR-DISTANT PLACE.

(( 32 ))

32- THESE ARE (THE RITES OF PILGRIMAGE); AND WHOEVER VENERATES THE RITES OF ALLAH, IT IS DUE TO THE PIETY OF THE HEARTS.

[ 238 ]

(( 33 ))

33- IN THEM (IN THE CATTLE FOR SACRIFICE), THERE ARE BENEFITS FOR YOU, UP TO A STATED TERM (UNTIL THEY ARE SACRIFICED). THEN THEIR LAWFUL PLACE (OF SACRIFICE) IS THE ANCIENT HOUSE.

THE COMMENTARY
VENERATION OF RITUALS

VERSE NO.3133

Here again the stress is put on the Monotheism, and rejection of idolatries. In other word; purity in faith and associating no one and nothing with Allah, should be the main intention of the worship, or performing rites. The faith in the ONENESS OF GOD is settled in the depth of every heart by instinct. Man should always keep that faith clean and clear from any kind of partners and compeers. Then there is a simile to illustrate the state of an idolater or disbeliever: ``He who associates partners with Allah, it is as if he has fallen from the sky, and birds snatch him in the air, or the wind carries him off to a far-distant place.''

This is the parable of a man who associates partners with Allah, his only One and true Lord. He is said to be like a man who falls from the heaven. Here the heaven or sky implies the Monotheism. Where can be the destination of such a falling down? He might be snatched by the false objects of his worship, just like being picked up in the air by some vultures, or even the wrath of God may seize him like a wind and throw him to a far-distant place such as Hell.

[ 239 ]

SHA-A-ER, which we have translated to rites, may also mean signs, symbols, or marks by which something is known to belong to something else. So SHA-A-ER of Allah is the topics of Allah's religion, and in this case here, they are the chief rites of Hajj (PILGRIMAGE); such as Safa" and Marva, the place of Sacrifice, Arafa"t, Mashar, and etc. It is worthy of note here that venerating the rites, is not a physical veneration, as some Muslims would think of. Some of the pilgrims took the veneration to mean giving a bigger or a more valuable sacrifice to God; such as offering a camel instead of a sheep, or a cow instead of a goat. It is rather the spiritual veneration due to the piety of the heart which is valid here. We have to show high respect and hold the signs of God in great esteem. Certainly the flesh of our sacrifices will never reach Allah, neither their blood. That which will reach Him is the piety of our heart.

The pronoun, ``IN THEM'' in verse NO.33, refers to the domestic animals that pilgrims bring with them for sacrifice. Some of them believed that when they were on their way towards HAJJ, they had not the right of using the camels allocated to sacrifice, as mounts or as carriers of their loads. These cattle were brought from far and near, without using their milk or their back.

Once the prophet saw an old man, walking with difficulty, while he was pulling on the bridle of his camel. The prophet said to him: ``Why don't you mount her?'' The Arab said: ``O, Messenger of God! How can I mount her when she is adopted as sacrifice?'' The prophet said again to him: ``Woe is you! Mount her!'' So was this verse (NO.33) revealed to announce the permission of using cattle before they are given to sacrifice by saying; they are useful in many ways to the pilgrims before they are slaughtered on the altar. The camels may be used as mounts, and for carrying burdens, and cows and sheep are used for their milk, and after the rite of sacrifice all are used for their meat. Their wool can also be woven into cloth.

[ 240 ]

(( 34 ))

34- AND FOR EVERY NATION WE HAVE APPOINTED A RITUAL (OF SACRIFICE), THAT THEY MAY PRONOUNCE THE NAME OF ALLAH OVER THE CATTLE WHICH HE HAS GIVEN THEM FOR SUSTENANCE. SO, YOUR GOD IS AN ONLY ONE GOD, THEN TO HIM SURRENDER (ALL OF YOU) AND GIVE GLAD TIDINGS TO THE HUMBLES.

(( 35 ))

35- THOSE WHOSE HEARTS ARE FILLED WITH THE AWE OF REVERENCE, WHEN ALLAH IS MENTIONED; AND THOSE WHO ARE PATIENT ON WHAT AFFLICTS THEM, AND THE PERFORMERS OF THE PRAYER, AND THOSE WHO PAY IN CHARITY OF WHAT WE HAVE GIVEN THEM FOR SUSTENANCE.

THE COMMENTARY
GIVE GLAD-TIDINGS TO THE HUMBLES

VERSE NO.3435

The verses here imply that the ritual of sacrifice was not especially ordained for Muslims. Allah has appointed the ritual for every nation, so as to pronounce the name of Allah over the cattle which He has given them for sustenance. This ritual is a symbol of thanks giving by sharing the meat with fellow-men, and a sign of piety of the heart for offering it purely to the Only one God. [ 241 ]

THE PILGRIM'S WEAK POINT

True that the sacrifice is a symbol of thanks giving by sharing meat with fellow-men, but it can also remind us of the incident of ABRAHAM who was even ready to sacrifice his son in the way of Allah. We all know, how HAZRAT IMAM HUSSAIN (AS) offered all his dearers and nearers to the Altar of Love for God, in the battle-field of KARBALA": SHAIKH BAHA"EE, has composed a beautiful QUATRAIN in this relation which shows up the weak point of the pilgrim in his sight:

``The pilgrim is busy in his movements around KAABEH;
Whatever of the rites of Hajj he performs are all good.
His short coming is on the ALTAR, that he brings something else,
For sacrifice instead of himself, at the sacrificing place of love.''

TRANSLATOR'S NOTE

Then in the second verse (NO.35), some qualities of those who are truthful devotees of Allah, have been mentioned as follows: That they are humble before God, and even when the name of Allah is mentioned, their heart is filled with the awe of reverence. In other word, fear of Allah which is akin to love, touches them to the heart. They do not fear His wrath without a cause; nor do they doubt His Mercy and Forgiveness. It is rather their sense of responsibility that frightens them. It is the grandeur of the Creator that fills their heart with awe and respect.

They are patient in trials and afflictions and will not lose their constancy when a misfortune touches them. They show their gratitude to God by their acts of charity to all fellow-creatures. They therefore, neither grieve nor fear of anything apart from God.

[ 242 ]

(( 36 ))

36- AND AS TO THE (SACRIFICIAL) FAT CAMEL, WE HAVE MADE HER OF THE SACRAMENTS OF ALLAH FOR YOU. IN THEM THERE ARE GOOD THINGS FOR YOU. THEREFORE PRONOUNCE THE NAME OF ALLAH OVER THEM AS THEY ARE DRAWN UP IN LINE (FOR SACRIFICE) AND WHEN THEIR FLANKS ARE COLLAPSED, EAT OF THEM AND FEED THE CONTENTED POOR, AND THE BEGGAR. SO DID WE SUBJECT IT TO YOU THAT YOU MIGHT BE THANKFUL.

(( 37 ))

37- THE FLESH OF THEM WILL NEVER REACH ALLAH, NEITHER THEIR BLOOD; BUT YOUR PIETY WILL REACH HIM. SO DID HE SUBJECTED HER TO YOU, IN ORDER TO GLORIFY ALLAH FOR WHAT HE HAS GUIDED YOU ON; AND GIVE GLAD-TIDINGS TO THE GOOD DOERS.

(( 38 ))

38- ALLAH WILL DEFEND THOSE WHO HAVE BELIEVED. VERILY ALLAH LOVES NOT ANY THANKLESS TRAITOR. [ 243 ]


THE COMMENTARY
WHY SACRIFICE!?

VERSE NO.3638
The argument is still about the chief rites of pilgrimage, such as the sacraments of Allah, the rituals of sacrifice, and in particular, the camels that are brought for sacrifice, when they are drawn up in line.


Here we should know that being large and fat is not necessarily one of the conditions for acceptance of the sacrifice. She should rather be not very lean, and lacking flesh. The pilgrim may have many good things as a result of the sacrifice that he offers, either spiritually or physically.

Then the manner of the sacrifice has been mentioned in brief, that it is incumbent upon the sacrificer to pronounce the name of Allah over them, when they are on the altar. The best way of offering the sacrifice is to face the victim towards KAABEH, and rehearse the following verses:

``I have set my face towards Him, who created the heavens and the earth; and never shall I adopt partners to Allah. In truth my prayer, and my service of sacrifice, my life, and my death, are all for Allah the Lord of the worlds. No partner has He. To this I am ordered and I am the first of Muslims. (Those who submit to Allah's will) My Lord! It is yours and for you. In the name of Allah and by Allah, and Allah is Greater. My Lord! Accept it from me.''

Allah has permitted us to eat the meat of cattle, but on condition that we pronounce His name at the solemn act of taking life. Without such invocation, we are apt to forget the sacredness of life, and prove that cruelty is our custom. But when we pronounce the name of Creator over the creature that we slaughter, it is a sign that the need of food makes us to take the life of the creatures. To this effect, a Muslim [ 244 ]

begins serving his food with saying: ``In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the compassionate.'' The commandment continues thus: ``And when their flanks are collapsed (i.e. The victim is slaughtered well) eat of them and feed the contented poor, and the beggar.'' Although contemptuous begging is not approved of; the relief of all kind of distress, deserved or undeserved, is included in charity. So, in the above verse (NO.36), he who begs with humility, and he who receives gifts with gratitude and contentment, are both mentioned for consideration.

The next verse (NO.37) is an answer to the question that; ``Why sacrifice!? What sort of a need may Allah have to the sacrifice of His creatures?'':

``The flesh of them will never reach Allah, neither their blood, but your piety will reach Him.'' In other word, it is not the meat or the blood-shed which is important in the sacrifice, or is admired by Allah. But He does appreciate what is physically offered to Him through the sincerity of the hearts, and honesty of intentions.