The Balances Of Justice in The Resurrection Day
 

VERSE NO.4647

These verses reveal the ignorance of the unbelievers, that how do these unaware and haughty people forget their Lord in their merriments and enjoying His abundant bounties, but when the lightest breath of the punishment of your Lord touches them, they become so fearful that they cry out: ``Woe to us! We were oppressors''. But this emergency wakefulness too will not profit them, and when the punishment is removed, they continue with their evil deeds. Then comes the Final Judgement of God and His SCALES OF JUSTICE in work. Even our smallest action is registered in the record of people which God holds! Everything will be weighted in the scales of justice, [ 178 ]

and considered for due recompense. Any one who has done an atom's weight of good or evil deed will see it.

The Arabic, ``MESGHA"LA ZARRAT'' means the weight of a small ant or the weight of a small particle of dust. It is found in six places in Qura"n; and in 2 cases the same meaning has been manifested in the weight of a grain of mustard-seed. All these imply the precision and the perfection of God's judgement, and His accounting. His knowledge is perfect, therefore his justice will be perfect too. When God takes the account of something, or judges a case; His work is excellently perfect. There is no outburst of rage, or outside influences; to pervert his justice for selfish purposes. God needs not the help of anyone in His judgement because He is All-knowing, All-aware.

(( 48 ))

48- AND WE GAVE MOSES AND AARON THE CRITERION, (OF RIGHT AND WRONG) AND A LIGHT, AND A REMINDER FOR THE PIOUS.

(( 49 ))

49- THOSE WHO FEAR THEIR LORD IN PRIVATE, AND FEAR OF THE HOUR.

(( 50 ))

50- AND THIS IS A BLESSED REMINDER THAT WE HAVE SENT IT DOWN. DO YOU THEN DENY IT.

[ 179 ]

THE COMMENTARY
SOME EPISODES IN THE LIFE OF PROPHETS


VERSE NO.4850

The next verses in this chapter refer to some episodes in the life of the prophets. The beginning is with Moses and Aaron who were given a criterion to distinguish between right and wrong, true and false: ``And We gave Moses and Aaron the Forghan (criterion), and a light, and a reminder for the pious.'' The Arabic, ``FORGHAN'' principally is something which can separate the right from the wrong. It is a means of knowing these two. Some commentators have understood it to be the BIBLE. In cases too, FORGHAN has been used as another name for Qura"n. As to the Arabic, ``ZIA'', it is a light emitted from the very substance of any lightgiving material, and this is the nature of all the SCRIPTURES, and the miracles, that the apostles have shown.

The next verse (NO.49) introduces the men of piety:

``Those who fear their Lord in private and dread of the Hour.'' (Resurrection Day) The Arabic, ``TAGHWA'' that We have translated to piety is some sort of a fear of running against the will of God which is set in the heart of the pious, or the virtuous. Such a fear is akin to the love of God. HAZRAT IMAM ALI (AS) was asked of the meaning of piety. In answer to this question he said: ``Suppose you have all your deeds in a tray. If you are a pious man, you fear not to carry the tray, uncovered, on your head, and pass through a market.''

This sort of Godfearing which causes such a said piety, will of course end to the salvation of the pious. There is also the dread of our evil deeds and its consequences in the life to come. This sort of fear may also end to Man's prosperity by giving a halt to evil deeds.

[ 180 ]

(( 51 ))

51- AND WE PROVIDED FOR ABRAHAM TO DEVELOP FROM BEFORE, AND WE KNEW HIM WELL.

(( 52 ))

52- WHEN HE SAID TO HIS FATHER (AZAR), AND TO HIS PEOPLE: ``WHAT ARE THESE (LIFELESS) IMAGES TO WHICH YOU ARE SO DEVOUTED?''

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53- THEY SAID: ``WE FOUND OUR FATHERS WORSHIPPING THEM.''

(( 54 ))

54- HE SAID: ``VERILY YOU AND YOUR FATHERS HAVE BEEN IN MANIFEST ERROR!''

(( 55 ))

55- THEY SAID: ``HAVE YOU BROUGHT US THE TRUTH, OR YOU ARE OF THE JESTERS!?''

(( 56 ))

56- HE SAID: ``(PERFECT TRUTH) THAT YOUR LORD IS THE LORD OF THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH. HE WHO ORIGINATED THEM, AND I AM OF THE WITNESSES TO THAT.''

[ 181 ]

(( 57 ))

57- AND BY ALLAH I WILL MAKE A PLAN AGAINST YOUR IDOLS AFTER YOU HAVE GONE AWAY, TURNING YOUR BACKS.

(( 58 ))

58- THEN HE BROKE THEM ALL INTO PIECES, EXCEPT THE BIGGEST OF THEM, SO THAT THEY MIGHT RETURN TO HIM.

THE COMMENTARY
ABRAHAM PLANS TO DESTROY THE IDOLS


VERSE NO.5158

Abraham had developed from before, and was furnished with the knowledge of Monotheism in his early teenages. God was aware of his wide variety of merits, and brought him up under His care and mercy. He was indeed well developed, and far more for his age, and that appeared clearly when the boy argued with his father about the idols that they made, and then sold for worship:

``What are these lifeless images to which you are so devouted?'' This assertion of Abraham consists of a good reasoning too, because nothing can be seen of such false gods, except a senseless image which is all they have. What answer the idolaters could have except adhering to their ancestors and their customs which was in fact their culture: ``They said: We found our fathers worshipping them.'' And Abraham's answer to this was:

``Verily you and your fathers have all been in a manifest error.'' There was now a serious conflict betweem the godly boy and his godless father, which may teach us how a righteous man should behave, when there is a contend and variance of opinion, between his parent and his duty to God. Whenever evil stands firmly between a [ 182 ]

godly man, and his God, he should fight against evil bravely, and if he is subjected to the Fire of Persecution, he should stand firm enough to draw God's Mercy, Who can easily turn our troubles to our comfort.

In the eyes of Abraham, religion was very serious and important, but in the hands of his people, it was a play-toy or a means of material benefit. His father's business was to make idols, and to sell it for material profit, and for social advantages. How could he then suffer his teenager son, to endanger his rightful commerce, and personal concerns? After all, that noble work was one of their ancestral customs that they had inherited from old. They therefore said to Abraham:

``Are you serious in what you say, and have you brought us the truth; or you are only jesting with us?''

The Godly boy who was indeed serious in his assertions, said to them:

``It is a perfect truth that your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and earth. It is He who originated them, and I testify to that.''

After their hot controversy, Abraham decided to convince them that how futile and helpless their gods could be. So he told them that he would be doing something against their false gods, when they were all absent. This threat was another hint to that, their gods were dependent on their care; and not they on the care and protection of their gods! ABRAHAM'S threat aroused little enthusiasm in the group, and they left him to his own devices.

He created an amazing scenery to make known to his people, how worthless were those stocks and stones that they worshipped for God.... He broke all the small idols into pieces and then put his axe on the shoulder of the biggest of them; as if a fight had taken place among the idols, large and small!

Then the biggest of the gods, had to tell their worshippers what really had happened! [ 183 ]

(( 59 ))

59- THEY SAID: ``HE WHO HAS DONE THIS WITH OUR GODS IS INDEED OF THE OPPRESSORS.'' (AND MUST BE PUNISHED)

(( 60 ))

60- (A GROUP OF THEM) SAID: ``WE HEARD A YOUTH SPEAKING AGAINST THEM, WHO IS CALLED ABRAHAM.

(( 61 ))

61- THEY SAID: ``BRING HIM BEFORE THE EYES OF THE PEOPLE, THAT THEY MAY BEAR WITNESS.''

(( 62 ))

62- THEY SAID: ``DID YOU DO THIS WITH OUR GODS, O, ABRAHAM?''

(( 63 ))

63- HE SAID: ``PERHAPS THIS BIGGEST ONE OF THEM HAS DONE IT, SO ASK THEM IF THEY ARE SPEAKING.''

(( 64 ))

64- THEN THEY TURNED TO THEMSELVES, (TO THEIR CONSCIENCE) AND SAID: ``YOU YOURSELVES ARE OPPRESSORS.''

(( 65 ))

65- THEN THEY DROOPED THEIR HEADS DOWN, (SAYING:) ``YOU KNOW WELL THAT THESE DO NOT SPEAK.'' [ 184 ]

(( 66 ))

66- HE SAID: ``DO YOU THEN WORSHIP APART FROM ALLAH, THAT WHICH DOES NOT PROFIT YOU ANYTHING; AND NEITHER HARMS YOU.''

(( 67 ))

67- ``FIE UPON YOU, AND UPON WHAT YOU WORSHIP APART FROM ALLAH. DO YOU NOT THEN USE YOUR WISDOM.

THE COMMENTARY
A KNOCKING DOWN REASON


VERSE NO.5967

When people entered their temple, they saw something that struck them all with astonishment! Some of the people who had not heard what Abraham had said against their idols, were amazed to see that scenery! So they exclaimed: ``Who may have done this sort of grave wrong to our gods?'' The others who had heard what Abraham said about their idols, asserted: ``We did hear a youth, whose name is Abraham, speaking against our gods.''

Then a formal council of the people was held, and Abraham was arraigned. No one was ever heard to have said anything against the idols except Abraham. Therefore they bore witness that he had threatened to plan a plot against their idols! The community was entirely agitated. There was a very great enthusiasm and excitement among all. In the sight of a group of them, the greatest of crimes had been done, that a venturous bold youth had shaken the basis and the foundation of their creed. Their first question was: [ 185 ]

``O, ABRAHAM! Did you do this with our gods?'' But Abraham seemed to be wonderfully indifferent, and with utmost coolness! in an ironic language he said to the furious people: ``Why are you asking me!? You had better asked your gods. Perhaps the biggest of them in whose hand is the axe, has been angry with the smaller, and has smashed them all in a quarrel!''

Thus Abraham tried to open the eyes of his people, and to teach them some truth of their falsehood. The boy's irony touched them to the quick. Some of them became thoughtful. They referred to their inner conscience and then they hung their heads in shame.

Soon after, a group of the people who had material interests and social advantages on account of the idols, took the lead, and said: ``You well know that these idols do not speak!''

This was precisely what Abraham was waiting for, and thus he began his reasonable attack: ``Do you then worship something which can neither hurt you nor profit! Fie upon you and upon what you worship apart from Allah.''

(( 68 ))

68- THEY SAID: ``BURN HIM AND HELP YOUR GODS IF YOU ARE TO DO ANYTHING.''

(( 69 ))

69- WE SAID: ``O, FIRE! BECOME COLD AND SAFE FOR ABRAHAM.''

(( 70 ))

70- THEY SOUGHT TO LAY A PLOT AGAINST HIM, BUT WE MADE THEM THE WORST OF LOSERS. [ 186 ]

THE COMMENTARY
WHERE THE FIRE BECOMES A FLOWER-GARDEN!


VERSE NO.5967

When people returned to their temple once again, they met with something that struck them with astonishment.... All their idols were smashed, except the biggest of them, who had an axe in his hand! Abraham revolted against idolatry when he was in his teenages. He broke the idols boldly, and condemned the idolaters wisely and very reasonably.

Usually power and logic are inversely proportional. As the physical power of Man increases, his logic will decrease. This matter is true with all, except the Godly men, that as they become more powerful, they become more humble too! When dictators cannot obtain their objects reasonably, and cannot express their feelings logically, they use power to overcome the obstructions, and to silence the objections. This tenet of power was enforced against the knocking down reasons of Abraham. ``Burn him! Turn him to ashes! This was now the logic of the heathens.'' In order to support their cruel decree with some reasons, they added another phrase, saying:

``Burn Abraham and help your gods!'' They kindled a huge fire of persecution, the smoke of which darkened a long distance around, and its flames threatened the sky! To help increasing the flames of the fire, it was declared to be a sacred deed, and the best of the prayers, by the priests and clergies. It was so that even that old, woman offered the fuel of her winter for that holy fire! Soon the fire blazed so dreadfully that no creature could approach it from a far distance! Therefore they put Abraham like a shooting stone into a catapult; an ancient machine for throwing heavy stones in war.

[ 187 ]

It is narrated that GABRIEL the arch angel of God appeared to Abraham in the catapult, and said to him: ``Do you want any help!?'' Abraham said to Gabriel: ``Of you? No! None at all!'' Gabriel told the youth: ``Then ask your Lord to help you!'' In answer to the angel, Abraham said: ``It is enough for me that my Lord is aware of my state !'' They cast the godly youth into the middle of the hell of persecution! But Man proposes, and God disposes: ``We said; O, Fire! Become cool and safe for Abraham!'' And everything was so that Allah willed! The Fire became a Flower-Garden!

(( 71 ))

71- AND WE DELIVERED HIM AND LOT, TO THE LAND WHICH WE HAD BLESSED FOR ALL MANKIND.

(( 72 ))

72- AND WE GRANTED HIM ISAAC, AND JACOB IN ADDITION; AND MADE THEM ALL RIGHTEOUS.

(( 73 ))

73- AND WE MADE THEM LEADERS, GUIDING PEOPLE BY OUR ORDER, AND WE INSPIRED THEM WITH THE (COMMANDMENT) OF DOING GOOD DEEDS, AND PERFORMING THE PRAYER, AND PAYING THE ALMS-TAX, AND THEY WERE OUR WORSHIPPERS. [ 188 ]

THE COMMENTARY
ABRAHAM'S EMIGRATION FROM THE LAND OF IDOLS


VERSE NO.7173 The wonderful rescue of Abraham from the huge blazing fire of Nimrode waved all the pillars and foundations of their government and community. Nimrode could not then consider ABRAHAM as a young ambitious, and bold venturer youth who looked for progress in rank, wealth and power. He seemed more similar to the great Divine leaders and the prophets of God, but at any price, he thought that he must get rid of him. Now Abraham had obtained a wide fame and a great reputation among the people, and it was not that easy now to do away with him. In spite of all that, Nimrode accused him of corrupting the people's religion and creed of their fathers. He therefore confiscated all his herds of cattle and ordered him to leave the land of Chaldees.

Abraham objected, saying: ``He had spent his life time in obtaining the cattle here, and if they had to confiscate what he owned, they had to give him back his life time.'' Then a brave judge in the court, confirmed Abraham's claim, that Nimrode who called himself a god, had to give Abraham back his life time, in exchange for his domestic animal. After that brave judgement, Nimrode agreed to exile the Man of God, with the right of taking all his properties as well as his herd of cattle. These objections were the political tricks and plays of Nimrode, and as a matter of fact, he was willing in the depth of his heart to give to Abraham half of his throne in order to get rid of him.

Abraham was born in UR of Chaldees, a place of the lower reach of EUPHRATES, a hundred miles distant from Persian Gulf. This land was one of the cradles of the human ancient civilization. From his home town, Abraham emigrated to SYRIA which comprised of the land of Canaan, or what we call it PALESTINE now. Syria is a country on eastern shore of the Mediterranean, with [ 189 ]

its capital at Damascus. Syria is an ancient as a land, but young as a state. Ancient Syria comprised the area stretched from the Mediterranean coast in the West, as for north as ANTIOCH, and as for south as Sinai Peninsula.

What is Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan today, were integral parts of Syria. Ancient Syria was generally a province of empires ruled by Egypt, Babylon, Assyria, Hittate, and Persia. The next verse (NO.72) refers to one of the Great Gifts of God, that was bestowed on Abraham; and that was two righteous sons, and pure and good lineage of progeny. In his old age, he was granted Isaac and Ishmael, that he was eager to have all his life. He also could enjoy the company of his grandson Jacob, who was also a righteous man and a prophet.

In the last verse (NO.77), reference is made to six characteristics or qualifications of these righteous men of God who were 1) leaders of people in the way of Allah. 2) Their leadership was through God's command. 3) They knew their duties to do good deeds. 4) They all performed the prayer. 5) They regularly paid the alms-tax. 6) And they were all God's worshippers and truthful servants.

(( 74 ))

74- AND LOT; WE GAVE HIM SANCTION AND KNOWLEDGE, AND WE SAVED HIM FROM THE TOWN WHICH WAS DOING EVIL, THAT THEY WERE A PEOPLE, DEBAUCHERS.

(( 75 ))

75- AND WE ADMITTED TO OUR MERCY, THAT HE WAS OF THE RIGHTEOUS (MEN). [ 190 ]

THE COMMENTARY
LOT'S RESCUE FROM THE SINFUL LAND


VERSE NO.7475 Lot was one of the near kins of Abraham, and an apostle too. Here is mentioned a part of his endeavours against evil. The Arabic, ``HOKM'' translated to, ``sanction'' in its various shades of meaning, can be the authority of prophethood, wisdom, and knowledge, all of which are included in the sanction of his prophethood.

Lot emigrated in accompany with ABRAHAM to Palestine. Then he left the Arch Prophet, as per order of God, and went to admonish the townsfolk of Sodom and Gomorrah, who were a people given to abominations and sexual perversion. Lot admonished them compassionately, but they rejected and scoffed at him and insisted upon their sinful deeds. Finally, God's wrath fell upon them, and their towns were overthrown and all the people were destroyed, save Lot and his followers who were not many.

(( 76 ))

76- AND NOAH, WHEN HE CALLED BEFORE, (ABRAHAM AND LOT)AND WE ANSWERED HIM AND RESCUED HIM AND HIS FOLK FROM A GREAT DISTRESS.

(( 77 ))

77- AND WE HELPED HIM AGAINST A PEOPLE WHO BELIED OUR SIGNS, THAT THEY WERE A BAD PEOPLE, SO WE DROWNED THEM ALL.

[ 191 ]

THE COMMENTARY
NOAH'S RESCUE FROM THE PAWS OF THE OBSTINATE UNBELIEVERS.


VERSE NO.7677 Following the mention of Abraham and Lot, the reference is made to Noah, another arch prophet of God who lived many centuries before Abraham. Noah called Allah and said:

``O, My Lord! I have called to my people night, and day, but my call only increased their flight. When I called them, they thrust their fingers into their ears, not to hear me. O, My Lord! Leave not alive even one of the unbelievers upon the earth, because if you leave them, they will only mislead your worshipper servants, and they will breed only wicked ungrateful ones. O, My Lord! help me for I am vanquished.'' When the prophet Noah prayed so, his Lord answered him; and taught him how to build the Ark in the sight of God. He constructed the boat in which he and his followers were rescued from the wrath of the Flood, and the sinners were all drowned.

(( 78 ))

78- AND DAVID AND SOLOMON, WHEN THEY WERE JUDGING THE CASE OF A SOWN FIELD, IN WHICH THE PEOPLE'S SHEEP HAD STRAYED BY NIGHT; AND WE WERE WITNESSING THEIR JUGEMENT.

(( 79 ))

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79- THEN WE MADE SOLOMON TO UNDERSTAND IT, AND WE GAVE EACH OF THEM (THE MERITS OF) JUDGEMENT, AND KNOWLEDGE. AND WE SUBDUED THE MOUNTAINS AND THE BRIDS WITH DAVID TO CELEBRATE OUR PRAISE AND WE WERE DOING (THESE THINGS).

(( 80 ))

80- AND WE TAUGHT HIM THE CRAFT OF COAT OF MAIL, TO PROTECT YOU IN YOUR WAR. ARE YOU THEN THANKFUL?

THE COMMENTARY
DAVID AND SOLOMON'S JUDGEMENT


VERSE NO.7880

The above verses relate a part of the story of David and Solomon, and begins with a brief reference to David's judgement who was the king, and to that of his son who was then a boy of eleven years old. Qura"n relates the incident in brief, but the commentators have their own explanations according to some Islamic traditions. Most of them narrate the story as follows: