|Chapter 42: Fatima's Knowledge|
Fatima (A.S.) acquired her divine knowledge from the clear spring of Prophethood and received the excellence of truth from the house of revelation. So her attentive heart was embellished with wisdom and her brilliant reason together with her brightness realized to the fullest extent the real meaning of every fact.
Yet, despite the fact that Fatima heard an abundant volume of narrations from her father what has been reported on her authority is limited to certain issues. The reason for this will be explained later.
Among the narrations reported on Fatima's account are:
1. Bihar, Chapter: Knowledge.
Imam Askari (A.S.) said: "A woman came to Fatima Zahra (A.S.) and said: 'I have a weak mother who has become confused about a matter related to her prayer; she sent me to inquire from you about it.'
Fatima Zahra (A.S.) answered her; the woman repeatedly came with questions for Fatima, and she (A.S.) kindly answered her every time. One day the lady again approached Fatima (A.S.) with another question from her mother and said to Fatima:
'I shall not inconvenience you (any more), daughter of Allah's Messenger.' Fatima replied:'Ask me regarding anything, which comes to your mind.Because if a man had been hired to transport a heavy load to the
top of a mountain for a reward of one thousand dinars, do you think it would bother him?' The woman said: 'No'
Fatima continued: 'My reward for (answering) every inquiry is more than that which fills (the space) between the ground and the Throne with pearls; thus, I should be more apt to answer your questions. Surely I heard my father say:
'When the scholars of our Shiite (followers) are gathered (on the Day of Resurrection), they will be bestowed with garments of honor equal in quantity to their knowledge and struggle to guide Allah's worshippers, up to the point that anyone of them will be gifted with one million garments of light.' Then the caller of our Exalted and Glorified Lord will say:
'O you guardians of the orphans of Muhammad. (You) who inspire them when they are separated from their fathers, who are their Imams; these are your pupils and the orphans whom you guarded and inspired, therefore bestow them with garments of knowledge in life. Thus, they will bestow each orphan with that which corresponds to the amount of knowledge he received from them (the scholars); up to the point that some orphans are bestowed with one million garments. Like-so, the orphans bestow those who learnt from them.' Then Allah, the Exalted said:
'Repeat upon these scholars, the guardians of the orphans, the bestowment and double and complete it for them and for those who follow them"
Fatima (A.S.) then added:
'Worshipper of Allah, surely a thread of those garments is better than that on which the sun rises. "'
2. Bihar v.10:
Yazid Ibn Abdulmalik (Nawfali) quoted his father, who quoted his grandfather as saying: "Once, I entered the house of Fatima
(A.S.) who was the first to greet me; she then said:
'What brings you here?'
I said: "I have come in search of blessing."
Fatima then said: "My father (who was present) said: 'He who greets him or me for three consecutive days, will be granted Paradise by Allah.'
I said: 'While you are living?'
She answered: 'yes, and after we are dead.'"
3. Kashf al Ghumma:
Imam Ali (A.S.) quoted Fatima as saying:
"The Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H.) said: 'Fatima, he who praises you, will be forgiven by Allah; Who will make him my companion where ever in Paradise I may be."
4. Da'awat Ar Rawandi:
Swaid Ibn Ghafla said:
"Once, Ali (A.S.) was inflicted with hardship; so Fatima (A.S.) knocked on the Messenger of Allah's door, who said:
'I hear the movement of my beloved one near the door, Umme Ayman get up and see!'
Umme Ayman opened the door and Fatima entered the house.
The Prophet then said: 'You have come to us at a time that you have not previously come!'
Fatima said: 'Messenger of Allah, what is the angels food near our Lord?'
The Messenger of Allah said: 'By Him Who holds my soul in His hand, fire has not been lit (in our house) for a whole month; yet, I will teach you five statements which Gabriel taught me.'
She (A.S.) said: 'Messenger of Allah, what are these five statements?' The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) said:
'O Lord of the First and Last;
O You Possessor of Might, and Strength;
O You Who is Merciful with the poor;
O You most Beneficent, most Merciful. "'
(Note: It appears as if the fifth statement has been mistakenly erased.)
Thereafter Fatima returned and Ali (A.S.) saw her and exclaimed:
"May my father and mother be your sacrifice, Fatima; what have you to tell me?"
She said: "I went seeking worldly things, but have returned (with the goodness of) the hereafter."
Ali (A.S.) then said: "Expect goodness, expect goodness!"
5. Bihar v.10: It is reported in Al-Kafi that Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said:
'Once, Fatima approached Allah's Messenger with a problem. The Prophet listened to her problem and gave her a wrapped piece of material and said: 'Learn that which is written in it.' (When she opened it) she found written in it:
"He who believes in Allah and the Last Day, shall not harm his neighbor."
"He who believes in Allah and the Last Day, shall honor his guest."
"He who believes in Allah and the Last Day shall say that which is useful or keep silent.'"
Chapter 43: Islamic Dress, a Social Necessity
Among the Islamic teachings to which Lady Fatima Zahra gave special attention, was protecting women's honor and beauty through observing the Islamic way of dress. Fatima realized that crimes, social disasters, and humiliations were majorly due to unveiling, debasement, dissoluteness and mixture of the sexes. These social crimes are now called freedom and civilization by various publications that are scattered throughout Muslim and non-Muslim countries.
It shouldn't be forgotten that less than one-tenth of such crimes and debasements, used to occur to Muslim women when they observed the Islamic covering and exalted themselves from exhibiting their bodies to men. That day when they used to bestow themselves in the garments of honor and modesty, when they truly believed in that which is forbidden and permitted. But as time passed, they exhibited their privacy to thousands of men from all walks of life and with many different faiths; Muslim women lost their honor and dignity... and reached the point of disgrace where they stand today!!
The following are two reports, which explicitly present the Messenger's admiration of Fatima's stands regarding women: A. Abu Nu'aym reports in Hilyat al-Awliya v.2. p.40, that Anas Ibn Malik said:
"The Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H.) asked: 'What is best for women?' We did not know how to answer the Prophet, so Ali (A.S.) asked Fatima about the Prophet's question.
Fatima answered: 'It is best for them not to see men and not to let men see them.'
Ali returned to Allah's Messenger and conveyed Fatima's answer to him. When the Prophet had heard the answer, he said:
'Surely she has spoken the truth, for she is part of me.'
B. Ibn al-Maghazili mentions in his book Manaqib that Ali Ibn al-Hussain Ibn Ali (A.S.) said:
"Once a blind man asked for permission to enter Fatima's house, but she kept a veil between them. The Messenger of Allah noticed her actions and asked:
'Why did you keep a veil between you when he can not see you?'
Fatima (A.S.) answered: 'Messenger of Allah, it is true that he cannot see me, but I can see him and he can smell my fragrance.'
At this, the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) said: 'I bear witness that you are part of me.'
In addition to these narrations, many prayers and supplications have been reported on Lady Fatima's account; among them is the famous supplication for the relief of fever and headaches. This supplication is mentioned below as an example of Fatima's prayers.
Fatima (A.S.) taught the following supplication to Salman al-Farsi (may Allah be pleased with him) and said to him:
"If it pleases you not to be inflicted with fever as long as you live in this world, then read these words, which my father, Muhammad, taught me and I say every morning and evening:
'In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, Most Merciful In the Name of Allah the light;
In the Name of Allah the light of light
In the Name of Allah, light upon light
In the Name of Allah, the planner of affairs
In the Name of Allah, Who created light from light
Revealed light upon the Turr
By a decree inscribed
In a scroll unfolded
According to a decree fore-ordained
Unto a Learned Prophet
Praise be to Allah, Who is known with Might
Whose Glory is established
Who is praised during times of prosperity and infliction
And may Allah's grace be upon our Master, Muhammad
And his purified progeny'
Salman later said:
"By Allah, I have taught this supplication to more than a thousand souls in Mecca and Medina who were inflicted with fever, and they were all relieved by the will of Allah." Ibn Tawoos (may Allah bless his soul) wrote in his book Muhaj Ad-Da'awat, that Allah's Messenger (P.B.U.H.) taught Fatima the following supplication:
'O Allah, Our Lord and the Lord of Everything
(He) Who revealed Tawr?t, Injeel and Furqan (Quran)
(He) Who causes the seed-grain and the date-stone to split and sprout
I seek refuge in You from every beast that you shall
seize by its forelock
Surely You are the First, where nothing has succeeded (You)
And the last, where nothing shall come after (You)
You are the Evident, there is nothing more Manifest than You
And the Eminent, there is nothing more Eminent than You
Send your grace upon Muhammad and his Ahlul-Bayt
May Peace be upon them
And settle my debts for me
Make me free from poverty
And decree easy for me all my affairs
O You! Most Merciful of all'
In conclusion, we can easily state that had Fatima Zahra (A.S.) been given the chance to manifest her knowledge and had she lived for fifty or sixty years, we would have been able to inherit a treasury of knowledge and information pertaining to various subjects and sciences. Unfortunately, Fatima (A.S.) was neither given the chance to teach us, nor did she live more than twenty years-as you will come to know.
Chapter 44: Allah's Messenger Reveals Fatima's Future to Her
It was natural for the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) who knew and foretold the future events, to reveal to his family, especially his beloved daughter Fatima (A.S.), the events which they would face in the future. He (P.B.U.H.) undoubtedly informed Fatima (A.S.) that she was going to suffer from the harsh treatment of some so called Muslims after his death and that she would be the first to follow him to the blessings of Paradise after his departure. There are many traditions reported to this effect; the following are just a few samples:
1. Bihar v.10: Sheikh Mufeed is quoted as writing in his book Al-Amali that Abdullah Ibn Abbas said:
"When Allah's Messenger was on his deathbed, he cried until tears overtook his beard. So was asked:
'What makes you cry, Messenger of Allah?' The Prophet answered: 'I am crying for my progeny, for the crimes that will be committed against them by the evildoers of my nation after my death. It is as if I (can see) my daughter, Fatima, being oppressed and crying: "O Father!" But no one will come to help her among my Ummah.' Fatima (A.S.) began weeping when she heard this, so the Prophet said to her:
'Do not cry my daughter' She said: 'I am not crying because of that which will be done to me after you; rather, I am crying because I will be separated from you, Messenger of Allah'
He then said: 'Rejoice, O daughter of Muhammad, at the close succession to me, for you will be the first one to follow me from among my Ahlul-Bayt.' 2. Bihar v.10, quoting the previous source wrote: "The Prophet said: 'When I saw her (Fatima), I remembered what would happen to her after my death. It is as if I (could see) humiliation entering her house, her sanctity violated, her right seized, her inheritance usurped, her side broken, and her unborn child being caused to be aborted, all while she is crying:
'But she will not be answered, she asks for help but she will not be helped. Surely she will remain afflicted, sad and crying after me, remembering the cease of revelation from her father's house at one time, and remembering being separated from me another time. She will become estranged at night, when she used to spend listening to me reciting the Quran. She then will see herself humiliated after she was honored during the days of her father...'"
3. Bihar v.6:
According to The Interpretation of The Quran written by Furat Ibn Ibrahim, Jabir Ibn Abdullah Ansari reported that Allah's Messenger (P.B.U.H.) said to Fatima (A.S.) during the illness, which caused him to pass away:
"May my father and mother be your sacrifice! Call your husband for me." Fatima then told Al-Hassan and Al-Hussain: "Go tell your father to come, and that your grandfather summons him."
Thus, Al-Hussain went and called him to come. When Ali Ibn Abu Talib (A.S.) entered the house, he found Fatima sitting near Allah's Messenger (P.B.U.H.) and saying:
'How distressed I am for your agony, Father!!'
The Prophet said:
'There is no agony for your father after this day, Fatima. Yet, do as your father did when (his son) Ibrahim passed away: Then I said:
'Eyes spill tears, and the heart may be affected, but we shall not say that which angers the Lord. Yet, surely we are saddened by (your death) Ibrahim!!'"
4. Bihar v.6:
'Once, the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) summoned Ali, Fatima, Al-Hassan and Al-Hussain (A.S.) and ordered everyone present in the house to leave. He then ordered Umme Salama to stand at the door so no one could come near it. The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) then said to Ali:
"Come near me."
Ali came near as the Prophet asked; he then held Fatima's hand and put it on his chest for a long time, and held Ali's hand in his other hand. When the Prophet tried to speak, he was overtaken by tears and was unable to do so. Therefore, Ali, Fatima, Al-Hassan and Al-Hussain cried when they saw him (P.B.U.H.) crying.
Fatima then said:
"Messenger of Allah! You have broken my heart and brought sorrow to me with your crying. You are the Master of all Prophets and the trusted Prophet of your Lord; you are the beloved Prophet of Allah! Who do I have for my children after you? Who do I have to protect me from the humiliation, which will inflict me after you? Who does Ali, your brother and the helper of your religion, have after you?
Who is to (attend to) Allah's revelation and affair?" Fatima then broke down crying and embraced him together with Ali, Hassan and Hussain (A.S.). The Prophet raised his head, and while holding Fatima's hand, he placed it in Ali's hand and said:
'Abu Al-Hassan, she is Allah's and His Messenger's, Muhammad, trust to you. Therefore, keep Allah's and His Messenger's trust by protecting her. Surely I know you will.'
'Ali, this (Fatima) by Allah, is the Mistress of all women of Paradise; this, by Allah, is (like) Maryam al-Kubra.' 'By Allah, before I reached this state, I asked Allah (certain things) for you and I, and He surely has given me what I asked.' 'Ali, Execute that which Fatima commands you to do, for I have commanded her to (perform certain affairs) which Gabriel ordered me to do. Be informed, Ali that I am satisfied with him who my daughter is satisfied with, so is my Lord and the angels.
'Ali, Cursed is he who oppresses her;
Cursed is he who usurps her right;
Cursed is he who violates her sanctity..."
The Prophet then embraced Fatima (A.S.), kissed her hand and said:
"May your father be your sacrifice, Fatima."
At that moment, the Messenger of Allah was putting his head on Ali's chest; but his love for Fatima kept driving him to embrace and kiss her repeatedly. He cried until his tears made his beard and shirt wet.
Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (A.S.) began crying and kissing his feet; when Imam Ali (A.S.) tried to separate them, the
"Let them smell me and let me smell them;
Let them be near me, surely they will be afflicted with sorrows and difficult problems after me. May Allah curse him who abuses them.'
O Allah!! I commend them to your protection and to the protection of the righteous believers."
Meanwhile, Fatima (A.S.) was speaking to her father with a crying voice and saying:
"May my soul be your sacrifice!
May my face prevent harm from your face!
Father, can you not speak a word to me?!
Surely I see the knights of death attacking you fiercely!!"
Allah's Messenger then said:
"Daughter, I am leaving you;
thus, peace be upon you from me".