|Chapter 30: Fatima 's Marital Life|
Lady Fatima Zahra (A.S.) moved from the home of Prophethood to the house of Imamate, successorship and guardianship. This turn in Fatima's life, allowed her to become the companion of the Father of the Imams.
As days passed, Fatima's life became more beautiful and splendid, for she lived in an atmosphere of sanctity and chaste, surrounded by modesty and humbleness. She aided her husband in his worldly and religious affairs, and cooperated with him in achieving his exalted goals. This harmony in their life was preferred by the ideological tranquility they both enjoyed, and the respect and glorification they held for each other. Fatima realized the great rank her husband enjoyed. She respected him in the best manner as a Muslim woman should respect her Imam-for she recognized that Ali (A.S.) was:
The dearest person to Allah's Messenger; The holder of the great guardianship;
The possessor of absolute Imamate;
The Prophet's brother, successor and heir; The possessor of excellent talents;
His long-standing service to Islam was also apparent to everyone.
Likewise, Ali (A.S.) respected Fatima, not only because she
was his wife, but also because she was:
The most beloved to Allah's Messenger; The mistress of all women; And her sanctity was part of the Prophet's. Indeed, Fatima enjoyed noble traits which had any woman held even one of them, she would be worthy of respect and exaltation. In view of such characteristics, you can imagine the great marital happiness Ali and Fatima enjoyed. We can also realize that their life was not disturbed by poverty or material deprivation.
It is written in Al-Bihar, on the authority of Manaqeb that Imam Ali (A.S.) said:
"By Allah, I never angered Fatima, or forced her to do something (she did not like), up to the day she died; nor did she ever anger or disobey me. In fact, when I looked at her, depression and sadness would be removed from my (heart)."
Al-'Ayyashi, in his Tafsir (interpretation) of the Holy Quran, reported that Imam Baqir (A.S.) said: "Fatima vouched to take care of the household work, make dough, bake bread, and clean the house; in return, Ali vouched to take care of the outside work (such as) gathering firewood, and bringing food."
It is not exactly known how long Ali (A.S.) and Fatima (A.S.) resided in Harithah's house; but it is a given fact that Allah's Messenger constructed a house for them, which had a door to the mosque just like his own house.
Chapter 31: Historical Distortions Regarding Ali's Right
We have previously spoken of the unjustified slandering and distortion of Ali (A.S.) and his noble life with Fatima (A.S.) We have also stated that Imam Ali's marriage to Fatima caused many people to show their hidden resentment and envy to them, by following every possible means to disturb Fatima's life with her husband.
Among the many fabricated stories told against Imam Ali was that he had asked for Abu Jahl's (the chief of infidels) daughter's hand in marriage. When this news reached Fatima (A.S.), she rushed to her father who found out the falsity of the story. Yet, let us review how some writers used this story to put down the Commander of the Faithful, and their attempt to tarnish his reputation. An Egyptian writer, for instance, considered this story to be undoubtedly authentic and wrote the following in her book, The Prophet's Daughters, p.167.
"Ali intended to marry a second wife besides Fatima... without bearing in mind that such action would be resented by the daughter of the Prophet of Islam."
The invalidity of this statement is obvious, for there is not a man in the world who does not realize that his wife prefers to be
the only woman he marries. The writer adds:
"It would have been better if Ali had been satisfied with one wife," and filled up the pages of her book trying to show Abu Jahl's bad deeds and his long-standing enmity to Islam. She then made a comparison between the Prophet's daughter and Abu Jahl's daughter with the intention of showing the disadvantages of the fabricated would-be marriage.
Strangely enough, the writer also made clear her resentment and disapproval of fanatic Christian Orientalists who distorted the history of Islam, especially the famous Christian missionary-La Manze. Yet, unfortunately, she herself was heedless of the need to verify such a story, and instead considered it's revelation undisputed. So she used her imagination and fictitious style of writing for this story, just as fable writers would do.
Sayid Hassan al-Ameen in v.3 of his book, The Shiite Islamic Encyclopedia, refuted such a story and wrote:
"It has been written in Dhakhaer al-Uqbithat Ali wanted to marry Abu Jahl's daughter, and that the Prophet was angered by this act and ascended the minbar to speak with resentment and rejection about this matter."
The book also elaborates on the story in such a manner, which not only discredits Ali and Fatima, but also the Prophet himself.
This story makes Muhammad appear as someone who refuses to practice what he preaches, or does not accept to apply the Islamic law to himself and those related to him while requesting others to abide by them. Because he deems it lawful for others to marry more than one wife, but refuses this law when it comes to his daughter... This indeed is a disastrous fabrication against the Prophet that the enemies of Islam were able to insert in the pages of our history books, depending on
unscruent narrators who report such stories without reflecting upon them. The story also defames Ali (A.S.) by showing him as someone who angered both Fatima (A.S.) and her father and defames Fatima for refusing to practice Allah's commands, which He revealed to her father.
I shall not verify the discredibility of the authority on which the narration was based, for it-within itself-proves its own discredibility. Yet, it is inevitable to ask: Why have the narrators, who fabricated this story, insisted on saying that he (A.S.) wanted to marry Abu Jahl's daughter, and not any other woman?! How come they did not claim that Ali (A.S.) attempted to marry another woman? Surely, Abu Jahl's daughter did not enjoy beauty and perfection, which no other Arab girl enjoyed!
The fact is that they wanted their defamation of Ali (A.S.) to be graver and more effective; for in their story, Ali (A.S.) specifically chose the daughter of the chief of the enemies of Islam.
This plot exposed itself and those who perpetuated it, when they praised themselves while discrediting Muhammad, his daughter, and his cousin. They claimed in the same story that he mentioned his other son-in-law, who is a young man from Bani Abd Shams, and praised him as "a noble son-in-law"; they claim that the Prophet said:
"He, the young man from Bani Abd Shams was truthful in his speech and executed his promises to me." They want us to believe that the Prophet praised his Umayyad son-in-law (the Umayyads belong to the tribe of Bani Abd Shams), which in turn means that he was trying to discredit his first son-in-law [Ali (A.S.)] who, according to the story, lied to the Prophet and violated his promises to him by being an unfaithful husband to his daughter!!
Another aim for fabricating this story was to divert the attention from the actual people who angered Fatima, and put Ali (A.S.) under the spotlight as the one who did so. It was for this reason that they mentioned the following tradition at the beginning of the story: "The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) said:
"Fatima is part of me, discomforts me that which discomforts her, and harms me that which harms her." They interpret it as:
The meaning of this tradition is that Allah prohibited Ali from marrying another woman besides Fatima, which would harm Allah's Messenger!!
Chapter 32: Imam Hassan is Born
When Fatima (A.S.) was twelve, she became pregnant with Imam Hassan. Thus, the light of Imamate was carried on from Ali unto Fatima (A.S.). The day the child was to be born was approaching; the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) had to go out of town, but before leaving, he (P.B.U.H.) made several instructions about the would be born child-including the order not to wrap the new baby in a yellow clothe.
On Ramadhan 15, 3 A.H., Fatima gave birth to her first son. On that great day, Asma Bint Umais was present with Fatima. The women who attended the event, unintentionally wrapped Al-Hassan in a yellow clothe; they were not aware of the Prophet's request.
When the Prophet returned, he said:
"Bring me my son; what have you named him?"
After Al-Hassan was born Fatima asked Ali (A.S.) to name the baby, but Ali said: "I would not name him before Allah's Prophet".
When the Prophet saw that Al-Hassan was wrapped in a yellow cloth, he said: "Didn't I tell you not to wrap him in a yellow cloth?"
He then threw the yellow cloth away and wrapped the baby in a white one. When the Prophet inquired about the name of the child, Ali (A.S.) answered:
"I would not name him before you." The Prophet(P.B.U.H.) replied: "I too, would not name him before my Lord,Glory be to Him." At that moment Allah revealed to
Gabriel: 'A son was born to Muhammad, therefore descend and give him My blessings and congratulate him and say: "Surely Ali is to you as Haroun was to Musa, so give him (the newborn baby) the name of Haroun's son:"'
When Gabriel had revealed the message to the Prophet, he asked: "What was Haroun's son's name?"
Gabriel said: "Shubbar."
The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) then said: "My tongue is Arabic."
Gabrial said: "Name him Al-Hassan." Hence, the Prophet gave him the name Al-Hassan, and made Adhan in his right ear, and Eqamah in his left ear. On the seventh (7) day, he (P.B.U.H.) sacrificed two rams from which he gave the midwife a thigh and a dinar; he then shaved the baby's head and gave as charity the weight of his hair in silver. Finally, the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) wiped the baby's head with "Khalou" which is a special perfume made of saffron and other substances.
At that time in history, it was customary to cover newborn babies' heads with blood; with this in mind, the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) told Asma:
"Asma, using blood is an act performed by the ignorant."
He would embrace Al-Hassan and put his tongue in the baby's mouth, who would suckle it.